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Table 4 Disorder-specific factors, comorbid psychiatric disorders, treatments received and dropouts during the most recent depressive episode i

From: Treatment received and treatment adequacy of depressive disorders among young adults in Finland

     Pharmacotherapy Visits with physician/a year Guideline-concordant pharmacotherapy c Sessions of psychotherapy/a year Minimally adequate treatment e Treatment dropout f
     Any a ≥2 months Any b ≥4 times   Any d ≥8 times   
Variable Category   N % N % N % N % N % N % N % N % N % N
Major Yes   111 46.9 52 36.1 39 69.8 74 33.0 35 20.7 23 61.8 68 35.5 39 43.2 48 14.8 13
depressive disorder No   31 32.3 10 14.3 4 58.1 18 12.9 4 6.5 2 51.6 16 25.8 8 32.3 10 18.5 5
   p g   0.1476   0.0269   0.2206   0.0290   0.0651   0.3065   0.3142   0.2713   0.7623h  
Duration of Yes   41 70.7 29 60.0 24 84.6 33 46.2 18 36.6 15 77.5 31 65.0 26 68.3 28 20.6 7
episode >1 year No   80 28.8 23 18.0 14 60.3 47 18.0 14 8.8 7 48.8 39 21.3 17 26.3 21 9.2 6
   p g   <.0001   <.0001   0.0076   0.0013   0.0002   0.0026   <.0001   <.0001   0.1276h  
Suicide attempts Yes   17 58.8 10 41.2 7 81.3 13 43.8 7 23.5 4 76.5 13 17.7 3 29.4 5 60.0 6
  No   125 41.6 52 30.3 36 65.3 79 26.5 32 16.8 21 57.3 71 35.5 44 42.4 53 11.4 12
   p g   0.1791   0.3649   0.2014   0.2360h   0.5019h   0.1301   0.1435   0.3067   9.286E-04 h  
Comorbid Yes   46 50.0 23 42.2 19 77.8 35 37.8 17 23.9 11 67.4 31 34.8 16 43.5 20 21.1 8
anxiety disorder No   96 40.6 39 26.4 24 62.0 57 23.9 22 14.6 14 55.8 53 32.6 31 39.6 38 13.0 10
   p g   0.2918   0.0614   0.0641   0.0912   0.1719   0.1881   0.7995   0.6586   0.2628  
Comorbid Yes   27 59.3 16 45.8 11 84.0 21 40.0 10 18.5 5 69.2 18 23.1 6 40.7 11 38.9 7
substance use disorder No   115 40.0 46 28.6 32 63.4 71 25.9 29 17.4 20 57.4 66 35.7 41 40.9 47 11.3 11
   p g   0.0694   0.0989   0.0473   0.1576   1.0000h   0.2666   0.2193   0.9902   0.0080 h  
Comorbid Yes   12 50.0 6 33.3 4 90.9 10 45.5 5 25.0 3 50.0 6 41.7 5 41.7 5 11.1 1
eating disorder No   130 43.1 56 31.5 39 65.1 82 27.0 34 16.9 22 60.5 78 32.6 42 40.8 53 16.0 17
   p g   0.6436   1.0000h   0.1013h   0.2931h   0.4432h   0.5458h   0.5342h   1.0000h   1.0000h  
  1. aAntidepressant prescribed.
  2. bAt least 1 visit with a physician a year.
  3. cAntidepressant used for at least 2 months + 4 visits with a physician a year.
  4. dAt least 1 session of psychotherapy a year.
  5. eAntidepressant used for at least 2 months + at least 4 visits with a physician a year or at least 8 sessions of psychotherapy a year or a hospitalization for depressive symptoms lasting for at least 4 days.
  6. fA participant discontinued the visits despite adequate treatment plan.
  7. gThe p-values indicate a significance of the difference between categories in a distribution of treatments and dropout tested by χ2- or Fisher’s exact test. P-values < 0.05 in boldface.
  8. hFisher’s exact test was used in the analysis.
  9. iA bivariate analysis.