Skip to main content

Table 4 Relative contribution of gambling preference on psychopathology and severity of gambling

From: Comparative analysis of distinct phenotypes in gambling disorder based on gambling preferences

  Outcomes→ SOGS SCL-90-R
↓ Predictors   Total Depression Anxiety GSI PST PSDI
1st block        
  Sex: male   -.056* -.214* -.214* -.208* -.138* -.195*
  Age (years-old)   .290* .234* .177* .215* .267* .124*
  Age of onset (years-old)   -.512* -.206* -.193* -.211* -.238* -.109*
  Studies (primary or less)   -.026 -.004 .042 .042 .027 .046
  Civil status (single)   -.049 .055* .040 .066* .085* .024
  Block summary: R 2 .078 .061 .056 .059 .041 .044
2nd block        
  Sex: male   -.005 -.117* -.126* -.118* -.045* -.129*
  Age (years-old)   .235* .097* .041 .065 .105* .031
  Age of onset (years-old)   -.372* -.068 -.065 -.070 -.102* .009
  Studies (primary or less)   -.036 -.056* -.016 -.020 -.039* .011
  Civil status (single)   -.074* -.022 -.034 -.016 -.003 -.026
  TCI-R: Novelty seeking   .286* .144* .147* .130* .093* .175*
  TCI-R: Harm avoidance   .050 .294* .326* .308* .311* .198*
  TCI-R: Reward dependence   .043 -.041 .011 -.031 -.010 -.062*
  TCI-R: Persistence   .047 .080* .097* .098* .066* .101*
  TCI-R: Self-directedness   -.224* -.346* -.223* -.292* -.296* -.234*
  TCI-R: Cooperativeness   -.053 .032 -.100* -.094* -.110* -.003
  TCI-R: Self-Transcendence   .013 .119* .185* .193* .213* .106*
  Block summary: ΔR 2 .184 .319 .312 .372 .380 .197
3rd block        
  Sex: male   -.009 -.120* -.129* -.121* -.047* -.132*
  Age (years-old)   .238* .099* .043 .066 .106* .033
  Age of onset (years-old)   -.373* -.070 -.066 -.072 -.103* .008
  Studies (primary or less)   -.022 -.045* -.006 -.011 -.033 .019
  Civil status (single)   -.079* -.026 -.038 -.019 -.005 -.028
  TCI-R: Novelty seeking   .283* .141* .145* .128* .092* .173*
  TCI-R: Harm avoidance   .052 .295* .328* .309* .312* .199*
  TCI-R: Reward dependence   .039 -.043 .008 -.033 -.012 -.064*
  TCI-R: Persistence   .049 .082* .098* .099* .067* .102*
  TCI-R: Self-directedness   -.223* -.346* -.222* -.291* -.296* -.234*
  TCI-R: Cooperativeness   -.047 .037 -.097* -.091* -.107* .001
  TCI-R: Self-Transcendence   .013 .119* .184* .193* .213* .105*
Gambling type (strategic)   .087* .064* .059* .057* .038 .051*
  Block summary: ΔR 2 .007 .004 .003 .003 .001 .002
  1. Beta-coefficients (β) in multiple regressions. ΔR2: increase in R2. *Bold: significant Beta-coefficient. Bold: significant R2.
  2. TCI-R: Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised.
  3. SOGS: South Oaks Gambling Screen.
  4. SCL-90-R: Symptom Check List- 90-Revised.
\