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Table 3 Demographic and health characteristic information for schizophrenia caregivers and other caregivers

From: Assessing health status in informal schizophrenia caregivers compared with health status in non-caregivers and caregivers of other conditions

  Total Caregiver for adult relative with a condition other than schizophrenia Schizophrenia caregiver for adult relative P-value
(N = 14,739) (N = 14,341) (N = 398)
Age (years)     <0.001
 Mean ± SD 49.04 ± 14.96 49.14 ± 14.93 45.31 ± 15.77  
Country     <0.001
 France (%) 3887 (26.37 %) 3814 (26.60 %) 73 (18.34 %)  
 Germany (%) 2931 (19.89 %) 2849 (19.87 %) 82 (20.60 %)  
 Italy (%) 2681 (18.19 %) 2612 (18.21 %) 69 (17.34 %)  
 Spain (%) 1766 (11.98 %) 1693 (11.81 %) 73 (18.34 %)  
 UK (%) 3474 (23.57 %) 3373 (23.52 %) 101 (25.38 %)  
Gender     0.467
 Female (%) 8515 (57.77 %) 8278 (57.72 %) 237 (59.55 %)  
 Male (%) 6224 (42.23 %) 6063 (42.28 %) 161 (40.45 %)  
Marital status     <0.001
 Single (%) 4745 (32.19 %) 4576 (31.91 %) 169 (42.46 %)  
 Married/living with partner (%) 9994 (67.81 %) 9765 (68.09 %) 229 (57.54 %)  
Education level     0.121
 Less than college/university degree (%) 9875 (67.00 %) 9594 (66.90 %) 281 (70.60 %)  
 College/university degree (%) 4864 (33.00 %) 4747 (33.10 %) 117 (29.40 %)  
Annual household income     <0.001
 <€20,000/<£20,000 (%) 4299 (29.17 %) 4140 (28.87 %) 159 (39.95 %)  
 €20,000 to < €50,000/£20,000 to < £40,000 (%) 6489 (44.03 %) 6328 (44.13 %) 161 (40.45 %)  
 ≥€50,000/≥£40,000 (%) 2200 (14.93 %) 2141 (14.93 %) 59 (14.82 %)  
 Decline to answer (%) 1751 (11.88 %) 1732 (12.08 %) 19 (4.77 %)  
Employment status     0.692
 Not currently employed (%) 6855 (46.51 %) 6666 (46.48 %) 189 (47.49 %)  
 Employed (%) 7884 (53.49 %) 7675 (53.52 %) 209 (52.51 %)  
Body mass index     0.663
 Underweight (%) 431 (2.92 %) 420 (2.93 %) 11 (2.76 %)  
 Normal weight (%) 5901 (40.04 %) 5731 (39.96 %) 170 (42.71 %)  
 Overweight (%) 4888 (33.16 %) 4756 (33.16 %) 132 (33.17 %)  
 Obese (%) 3153 (21.39 %) 3079 (21.47 %) 74 (18.59 %)  
 Decline to provide weight (%) 366 (2.48 %) 355 (2.48 %) 11 (2.76 %)  
Alcohol use     0.424
 Do not drink (%) 3276 (22.23 %) 3181 (22.18 %) 95 (23.87 %)  
 Drink alcohol (%) 11463 (77.77 %) 11160 (77.82 %) 303 (76.13 %)  
Smoking behavior     <0.001
 Non-smoker (%) 5507 (37.36 %) 5395 (37.62 %) 112 (28.14 %)  
 Former smoker (%) 4893 (33.20 %) 4753 (33.14 %) 140 (35.18 %)  
 Current smoker (%) 4339 (29.44 %) 4193 (29.24 %) 146 (36.68 %)  
Exercise behavior     0.613
 Do not exercise (%) 6114 (41.48 %) 5944 (41.45 %) 170 (42.71 %)  
 Exercise at least once a month (%) 8625 (58.52 %) 8397 (58.55 %) 228 (57.29 %)  
Charlson comorbidity index     <0.001
Mean ± SD 0.44 ± 1.04 0.43 ± 1.04 0.61 ± 1.26