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Table 1 Endorsement of DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence and abuse in males

From: The prevalence and correlates of alcohol use and alcohol use disorders: a population based study in Colombo, Sri Lanka

  Endorsement in males (%) Endorsement in males meeting case definition (%)
Alcohol abuse N = 2727 N = 170
  DSM-IV criterion   
  Failure to fulfill obligation 4.3 37.7
  Recurrent use in hazardous situations 3.7 42.9
  Recurrent alcohol related legal problems 1.1 12.9
  Continued use despite social problems 3.6 31.2
Alcohol dependence N = 2726 N = 110
  DSM-IV criterion   
  Tolerance 11.6 88.2
  Withdrawal 3.8 48.2
  Loss of control 9.0 88.2
  Desire to quit 22.9 87.3
  Preoccupation 3.9 47.3
  Give up on other activities 2.7 38.2
  Used despite problems 4.4 58.2
  1. Note. Alcohol abuse includes only individuals who did not also meet the criteria for alcohol dependence