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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for patient sample by housing setting

From: Is the level of institutionalisation found in psychiatric housing services associated with the severity of illness and the functional impairment of the patients? A patient record analysis

  Total (N = 250) (1) Private household without welfare support (N = 50) (2) Private household with welfare support (N = 41) (3) Foster families for adults (N = 23) (4) Staffed apartments (N = 45) (5) Intensively staffed group homes (N = 10) (6) Psychiatric nursing homes (N = 81) Tests (Pearson Chi2 or ANOVA with Scheffé test))
Gender: female n (%) 84 (34 %) 17 (34 %) 15 (37 %) 10 (43 %) 16 (36 %) 3 (30 %) 23 (28 %) Chi2 (5) = 2.29
p = 0.807
Age M (SD) 53.7 (13.1) 51.7 (10.5) 49.4 (11.6) 61.9 (14.8) 48.7 (14.2) 51.5 (6.4) 57.8 (12.7) F = 6.49
p < 0.001
3 > 2,4; 4 < 6
Living situation: living alone n (%) 236 (94.4 %) 42 (84 %) 39 (95 %) 23 (100 %) 43 (95 %) 10 (100 %) 79 (97.5) Chi2 (5) = 13.84
p = 0.017
Diagnosis of Schizophrenia n (%) 158 (63 %) 27 (54 %) 25 (61 %) 14 (61 %) 37 (82 %) 9 (90 %) 43 (57 %) Chi2 (5) = 13.5
p = 0.019
GAF M (SD) 31.62 (8.47) 31.1 (6.84) 30.5 (8.98) 30.4 (5.71) 29.29 (7.68) 28.2 (3.05) 34.57 (9.86) F = 3.41
p = 0.005
4 < 6
CGI M (SD) 7.06 (0.79) 7.18 (0.56) 6.9 (0.89) 6.74 (0.69) 7.16 (0.56) 7.1 (0.32) 7.09 (0.99) F = 1.31
p = 0.260
Average number of hospitalisations during index year; M (SD) 0.4 (1.16) 0.24 (0.55) 0.34 (0.76) 0.22 (0.67) 0.53 (1.9) 0.6 (1.08) 0.47 (1.21) F = 0.55
p = 0.737
Cumulative LOS during index year; M (SD) 9.88 (35.1) 9.3 (30.6) 10.4 (40.6) 14.8 (53.6) 12.7 (46.3) 6.8 (16.2) 7.37 (20.56) F = 0.25
p = 0.940
Current legal guardianship n (%) 189 (76 %) 18 (36 %) 35 (85 %) 19 (83 %) 33 (73 %) 9 (90 %) 75 (93 %) Chi2 (5) = 59.17
p < 0.001
Confirmed suicide attempt during lifetime n (%) 120 (48 %) 30 (60 %) 18 (44 %) 4 (17 %) 24 (53 %) 6 (60 %) 38 (47 %) Chi (5) = 12.92
p = 0.024
  1. Descriptive statistics: For continuous variables: M (mean), SD (standard deviation); for categorical variables: sample size (percentages)
  2. Tests: Pearson Chi-square for categorical variables; ANOVA (Scheffé including Bartlett’s correction) for continuous variables. Chi2 () = Value on Chi2-distribution for given degrees of freedom (); F = value on F-distribution for variances; p = level of significance
  3. Dichotomous variables: gender: women = 0; men = 1; living situation: 0 = single; 1 = living in couple; diagnosis: 1 = schizophrenia; 0 = any other diagnosis according to ICD-10; Current legal guardianship: 0 = no guardianship; 1 = underlying a guardianship; Certain suicide attempt lifetime: 0 = not or not certain; 1 = certain at least one suicide attempt during lifetime
  4. Abbreviations: GAF Global Assessment of Functioning, CGI Clinical Global Impression, LOS Length of in-patient stay