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Table 2 Costs of psychiatric treatment and additional social support by type of housing settings

From: Is the level of institutionalisation found in psychiatric housing services associated with the severity of illness and the functional impairment of the patients? A patient record analysis

  (1) Private household without housing support (N = 50) (2) Private household with ambulant housing support (N = 41) (3) Foster families for adults (N = 23) (4) Staffed apartments (5) Intensively staffed group homes (6) Psychiatric nursing homes (N = 81) Test (ANOVA with Scheffé post hoc test)
12 hrs. Staff (N = 45) 24 hrs. Staff (N = 10)
Inpatient treatment costs (€) 2,278 2,546 3,632 3,120 1,666 1,819 F = 0.25
p = 0.905
Outpatient treatment costs (€) 1,188 1,674 528 1,125 744 508 F = 5.47
p = 0.001
2 > 3,6
Psychopharmacological costs (€) 1,205 1,226 737 1,942 2,274 1,878 F = 2.70
P = 0.021
Costs of psychiatric treatment (€) 4,672 5,446 4,898 6,186 4,684 4,255 F = 0.29
p = 0.918
Housing costs (€) - 22,400 18,485 23,390 57,450 27,500  
Total costs of psychiatric care (€) 4,672 27,846 23,383 29,576 62,134 31,755 F = 93.37
p < 0.001
1 < 2,3,4,6 < 5
Proportion of housing costs to total costs (%) 0 80 % 79 % 79 % 92.5 % 86.6 %  
  1. Tests: ANOVA (Scheffé including Bartlett’s correction for inequal variances). F = Value on F-distribution for variances; p = level of significance