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Table 3 Factors associated with depression among patients with TB at Wolaita Sodo University Hospital and Sodo Health Center, SNNPRS, Ethiopia, 2014

From: Prevalence and correlates of depression and anxiety among patients with tuberculosis at WolaitaSodo University Hospital and Sodo Health Center, WolaitaSodo, South Ethiopia, Cross sectional study

Explanatory Variables Depression COR,95 % (CI) AOR,95 % (CI)
Yes No
Age n = 417  
 18–24 years 27 61 1 1
 25–49 years 129 162 1.79, (1.08, 2.99) 0.78(0.30, 2.03)
 > = 50 years 25 13 4.34, (1.94, 9.76) 1.09 (0.20, 5.92)
Educational status n = 417  
 No formal education 48 30 3.20, (1.71, 5.99) 2.92 (0.91, 9.35)
 Primary education 59 70 1.68, (0.97, 2.93) 2.58 ( 0.95 ,6.96)
 Secondary education 43 74 1.16, (0.66, 2.06) 1.50 (0.57, 3.94)
 Higher education 31 62 1 1
Classification n = 417     
 Pulmonary TB 150 137 3.49, (2.19, 5.57) 1.68(0.97, 4.17)
 Extra-pulmonary TB 31 99 1 1
Phase of treatment     
 Intensive phase 127 143 1.53, (1.01, 2.31) 0.59 (0.29,1.23)
 Continuous phase 54 93 1 1
Co-morbid chronic illness     
 HIV/AIDS 34 15 3.83, (2.01, 7.29) 5.90(2.34, 15.93)**
 Other chronic illness 19 5 6.41, (2.34, 17.59) 1.07 (0.37, 3.07)
 No chronic illness 128 216 1 1
 Good social support     
Yes 29 200 1 1
 No 152 36 29.12, (17.10, 49.59) 18.06(11.21, 25.45)*
Perceived TB Stigma     
 Yes 148 29 32.01, (18.62, 55.02) 10.86(10.26, 23.47)*
 No 33 207 1 1
  1. *significant association (p-value < 0.05) ** significant association (p-value < 0.01) Substance use = khat, cigarette and/or alcohol use .Other chronic illness = hypertension, renal diseases, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes