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Table 4 Factors associated with anxiety among patients with TB at Wolaita Sodo University Hospital and Sodo Health Center, SNNPRS, Ethiopia, 2014

From: Prevalence and correlates of depression and anxiety among patients with tuberculosis at WolaitaSodo University Hospital and Sodo Health Center, WolaitaSodo, South Ethiopia, Cross sectional study

Explanatory Variables Anxiety COR,95 % (CI) AOR,95 % (CI)
Yes No
Sex n = 417  
 Male 89 152 1 1
 Female 84 92 1.56, (1.05, 2.31) 1.72, (1.06, 2.95)**
Educational status n = 417     
 No formal education 45 33 3.01, (1.61, 5.64) 0.70,(0.23,2.11)
 Primary education 54 75 1.59, (0.91, 2.79) 0.80,(0.32,1.99)
 Secondary education 45 72 1.38, (0.78, 2.45) 1.31,(0.54,3.20)
 Higher education 29 64 1 1
Job n = 417     
 Government employed 28 48 1 1
 Private employed 29 56 0.89, (0.47, 1.69) 0.79, (0.33, 1.93)
 Merchant 20 31 1.11, (0.53, 2.29) 0.65, (0.23, 1.88)
 Farmer 6 9 1.14, (0.37, 3.55) 0.70, (0.14, 3.56)
 House wives 29 23 2.16, (1.05, 4.44) 1.24, (0.88, 6.23)
 Jobless 26 23 1.94, (1.03, 4.02) 2.40, (0.62, 5.12)
 Students 35 54 1.11, (0.59, 2.09) 2.34, (0.43, 3.32)
Category of treatment     
 New 134 207 1 1
 Return after default 16 21 1.18, (0.59, 2.34) 1.86,(0.71,4.87)
 Relapse 23 16 2.22, (1.13, 4.36) 1.01,(0.39, 2.65)
Phase of treatment     
 Intensive phase 130 140 2.25,(1.46, 3.45) 1.91,(1.081, 3.39)**
 Continuous phase 43 104 1 1
 Co-morbid chronic illness     
HIV/AIDS 42 7 11.95, (5.21, 27.43) 9.61, (3.56, 25.96)*
 Other chronic illness 16 8 3.98, (1.66, 9.58) 2.62, (0.91, 7.58)
 No chronic illness 115 229 1 1
Good social support     
 Yes 36 193 1 1
 No 137 51 14.40, (8.92, 23.26) 8.93, (5.01, 15.94)*
TB Stigma     
 Yes 123 54 8.66, (5.54, 13.53) 3.12, (1.78, 5.42)**
No 50 190 1 1
Substance use     
Yes 21 9 3.607, (1.61, 8.09) 4.88, (1.79,13.28)*
No 152 235 1 1
  1. * Significant association (I-value < 0.05) **- significant association (p-value < 0.01)
  2. Substance use = khat, cigarette and/or alcohol use other chronic illness = hypertension, renal diseases, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes