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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Community health workers can improve child growth of antenatally-depressed, South African mothers: a cluster randomized controlled trial

   intervention (N = 644) SC (N = 594) Total (N = 1238) P-Value*
Demographic characteristics n (%) n (%) n (%)  
  Mean age (SD) 26.5 (5.5) 26.3 (5.6) 26.4 (5.5) 0.783
  Mean highest education level (SD) 10.3 (1.8) 10.3 (1.8) 10.3 (1.8) 0.639
  Married or lives with partner 377 (58.5) 324 (54.6) 701 (56.6) 0.524
  Sexual partner, past 3 months 580 (90.1) 522 (87.9) 1102 (89.0) 0.284
  Ever employed 129 (20.0) 104 (17.5) 233 (18.8) 0.341
  Monthly household income >2000 Rand 280 (45.6) 279 (48.1) 559 (46.8) 0.484
  Formal housing 197 (30.6) 191 (32.2) 388 (31.3) 0.958
  Water on site 333 (51.7) 327 (55.1) 660 (53.3) 0.983
  Flush toilet 340 (52.8) 343 (57.7) 683 (55.2) 0.923
  Electricity 569 (88.4) 543 (91.4) 1112 (89.8) 0.843
Maternal Health
  Non-primipara 422 (65.5) 394 (66.3) 816 (65.9) 0.714
  Mean number of live births (SD) 1.5 (0.9) 1.7 (1.1) 1.6 (1.0) 0.005
  Previous LBW infants 61 (14.5) 69 (17.5) 130 (15.9) 0.117
  Tested for TB, lifetime 206 (32.0) 210 (35.4) 416 (33.6) 0.225
  Test positive TB, lifetime 53 (8.2) 50 (9.4) 103 (8.8) 0.438
Mental Health
  EPDS > 13 238 (37.0) 195 (32.8) 433 (35.0) 0.265
HIV
  Ever tested for HIV 590 (91.6) 550 (92.6) 1140 (92.1) 0.566
  Women living with HIV 149 (25.5) 146 (26.7) 295 (26.1) 0.649
Alcohol
  Drank any alcohol, month prior to pregnancy discovery 155 (24.1) 129 (25.8) 284 (24.8) 0.592
  AUDIT-C > 2, month prior to pregnancy discovery 113 (17.6) 101 (20.2) 214 (18.7) 0.323
  Drank any alcohol after pregnancy discovery 56 (8.7) 49 (9.8) 105 (9.2) 0.540
  AUDIT-C > 2, after pregnancy discovery 41 (6.4) 24 (4.8) 65 (5.7) 0.385
  Drank any alcohol, anytime during pregnancy 172 (26.7) 154 (25.9) 326 (26.3) 0.808
  1. *P-values from linear (continuous variables) or logistic (binary) random effects regressions, adjusted for neighbourhood clustering