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Table 3 Factors associated with consultation rates for potential depression symptoms in men after stratification by age

From: Depression symptom and professional mental health service use

Characteristics   Young adults    Middle aged    Elderly   
   (19–44 years) (45–64 years) (≥65 years)
   OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Socioeconomic factors   
Education          
  Primary or less 0.39 0.18 0.84 0.73 0.51 1.06 0.70 0.54 0.90
  Middle school 1.10 0.50 2.41 1.14 0.85 1.51 0.86 0.62 1.18
  High school 1.09 0.86 1.37 0.87 0.66 1.15 1.22 0.96 1.54
  College or more 1.00    1.00    1.00   
Marital status          
  Married 0.78 0.63 0.96 0.48 0.30 0.75 0.62 0.41 0.93
  Separated/divorced 0.87 0.50 1.53 0.56 0.35 0.89 0.57 0.37 0.89
  Unmarried 1.00    1.00    1.00   
Income          
  Quartile1 1.14 0.80 1.63 0.69 0.50 0.96 0.36 0.29 0.45
  Quartile2 0.95 0.67 1.33 0.84 0.62 1.15 0.43 0.34 0.54
  Quartile3 1.23 0.99 1.52 0.95 0.72 1.24 0.80 0.62 1.03
  Quartile4 1.00    1.00    1.00   
Residence          
  Metropolitan 1.00    1.00    1.00   
  Urban 0.99 0.80 1.22 1.40 1.14 1.72 1.56 1.29 1.89
  Rural 0.79 0.61 1.02 0.97 0.77 1.22 1.75 1.44 2.11
Employment status          
  Unemployed 1.00    1.00    1.00   
  Employed 0.62 0.48 0.79 0.38 0.30 0.49 0.94 0.75 1.18
Health-behaviour factors   
Smoking status          
  Current smoker 0.80 0.63 1.01 1.05 0.80 1.38 0.54 0.41 0.70
  Former smoker 1.32 0.96 1.81 1.08 0.82 1.42 1.09 0.86 1.38
  Non-smoker 1.00    1.00    1.00   
Drinking status          
  Drinker 0.39 0.28 0.56 0.83 0.60 1.13 0.65 0.52 0.80
  Non-drinker 1.00    1.00    1.00   
Physical activity          
  Yes 1.00    1.00    1.00   
  No 1.02 0.78 1.34 0.82 0.63 1.06 0.65 0.52 0.77
Sleep hours per day          
  <6 1.27 1.02 1.58 1.31 1.07 1.60 1.43 1.18 1.72
  ≤6–9 1.00    1.00    1.00   
  ≥9 1.51 1.05 2.17 1.37 1.01 1.86 1.83 1.42 2.35
Health-condition factors   
Subjective health status          
  Good 1.00    1.00    1.00   
  Moderate 0.96 0.75 1.23 1.26 0.94 1.68 1.58 0.85 2.96
  Poor 1.60 1.18 2.16 2.04 1.49 2.78 3.41 1.79 6.49
Perceived stress susceptibility          
  Very high 5.05 3.48 7.32 1.87 1.30 2.67 3.05 2.00 4.64
  High 3.59 2.54 5.09 1.07 0.75 1.52 2.27 1.50 3.45
  Low 1.65 1.14 2.38 0.64 0.43 0.96 1.17 0.74 1.85
  Very low 1.00    1.00    1.00   
Unmet healthcare needs   
  Yes 0.78 0.61 1.00 0.73 0.58 0.92 0.84 0.68 1.04
  No 1.00    1.00    1.00   
Medical history          
  Hypertension 1.46 1.05 2.04 1.03 0.84 1.27 1.06 0.89 1.25
  Diabetes mellitus 0.58 0.32 1.05 0.62 0.47 0.82 0.88 0.74 1.06
  Hyperlipidaemia 1.57 1.16 2.13 1.94 1.55 2.42 1.21 0.99 1.48
  CVDa 3.19 1.91 5.33 0.91 0.71 1.17 0.84 0.69 1.03
  Arthritis 1.38 0.90 2.11 0.93 0.64 1.36 1.46 1.23 1.72
  Asthma 1.09 0.79 1.51 0.65 0.47 0.91 2.94 2.46 3.53
  1. OR refers to odds ratio and 95 % CI refers to 95 % confidence interval
  2. aCVD refers to cardiovascular disease, including angina, myocardial infarction, and stroke