Table 2 Correlates/predictors of problem-recognition examined using multinomial logistic regression

Depression Other mental health-related problems
predictor variables % recognising condition in relation to demographic subgroup Unadjusted Odds Ratio Adjusted Odds Ratio % recognising condition in relation to demographic subgroup Unadjusted Odds Ratio Adjusted Odds Ratio
(n = 4189–4535) [99 % CI] (n = 4189–4535) [99 % CI]
(n = 4171) (n = 4171)
Gender: Male 19.2     46.0
Female 16.7 1.16 1.72*** [1.26, 2.34] 57.2 1.65*** 1.32** [1.06, 1.64]
Faculty: Medicine 61.3     24.5
Arts and Education 4.2 0.04*** 0.04*** [0.03, 0.08] 69.1 1.49** 1.32 [0.85, 2.03]
Law 10.2 0.12*** 0.12*** [0.07, 0.20] 69.3 1.95*** 1.76** [1.09, 2.84]
Management and Finance 7.8 0.05*** 0.04*** [0.03, 0.08] 55.0 0.85 0.83 [0.54, 1.28]
Science 25.2 0.18*** 0.20*** [0.12, 0.32] 42.9 0.77 0.75 [0.47, 1.20]
Computer 13.7 0.08*** 0.10*** [0.06, 0.16] 45.9 0.65 0.66 [0.41, 1.06]
Year: 1 st year 10.5     58.2
2nd Year 14.2 1.51** 1.76*** [1.19, 2.61] 57.7 1.11 1.13 [0.88, 1.45]
3rd Year 17.9 1.84*** 1.66** [1.07, 2.59] 53.0 0.98 0.91 [0.68,1.22]
4th Year 33.2 3.74*** 3.03*** [1.74, 5.30] 40.3 0.82 0.84 [0.55, 1.28]
5th Year (Medicine) 91.9 101.48*** 29.38*** [4.14, 208.58] 5.4 1.08 1.58 [0.17, 14.58]
Age group: 18–20 years 12.6     55.8
21–23 years 13.6 1.16 0.73 [0.44, 1.21] 57.1 1.10 1.25 [0.91, 1.73]
24 and above 36.6 3.64*** 0.74 [0.37,1.47] 38.2 0.86 1.17 [0.73, 1.89]
Residence: Home 21.2     47.1
Hostel 15.2 0.82 0.44*** [0.30, 0.64] 57.2 1.39*** 1.02 [0.79, 1.32]
Rented place 15.0 0.85 0.77 [0.54, 1.12] 58.8 1.51*** 1.29 [1.00, 1.66]
Home of friend/relative 10.5 0.54** 0.69 [0.35, 1.34] 60.5 1.40 1.18 [0.78, 1.80]
Other 46.0 3.44** 0.64 [0.16, 2.62] 34.0 1.14 1.02 [0.35, 2.98]
Religion: Buddhist 16.8     55.5
Hindu 12.9 0.45** 0.20*** [0.09, 0.47] 40.1 0.43*** 0.46*** [0.28, 0.76]
Islam 18.9 0.84 1.33 [0.64, 2.73] 43.9 0.59** 0.57** [0.33, 0.98]
Roman Catholic 26.1 1.35 1.42 [0.79, 2.52] 42.2 0.66 0.70 [0.44, 1.11]
Other 31.0 1.72 1.72 [0.68, 4.37] 39.4 0.66 0.74 [0.32, 1.67]
Screening positive for Major Depression: No 18.1     54.1
Yes 15.9 0.73 0.76 [0.46, 1.24] 50.6 0.78 0.73 [0.53, 1.00]
Nagelkerke R Square      0.30     0.30
1. ** p < .01; *** p < .001
2. Predictor variables in bold text indicate the demographic subgroups that were the reference groups for the dummy coded variables