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Table 4 Phi-coefficients between experimental items and Future Reports of Child Maltreatment

From: Detection of unsafety in families with parental and/or child developmental problems at the start of family support

Item   ϕ
1. Primary caretaker kept the child from school for illegal reasons .06
2. The child was found unattended on the streets .07
3. The child was admitted to hospital urgently/taken to emergency room -.02
4. The family has financial problems .10*
5.a Primary caretaker lacks pedagogical skills .03
5.b Primary caretaker has low self-esteem -.03
5.c Primary caretaker is apathetic or desperate .05
6. Primary caretaker is involved in destructive relationships .11*
7. Extent to which primary caretaker performs activities to improve parenting skills .16***
8. Extent to which primary caretaker cancels appointments/is not present at appointments .16***
9. Primary caretaker believes that the parenting problems are less severe than indicated by the professional .22***
10.a Secondary caretaker provides insufficient emotional/psychological support -.06
10.b Secondary caretaker is overly (or for inexplicable reasons) strict with the child .09
10.c Secondary caretaker is very dominant .07
11. Secondary caretaker was abused or neglected in his youth .08
12. Secondary caretaker has previous alcohol and/or drug problems -.05
13. Secondary caretaker has alcohol and/or drug problems at the present -.04
14. Extent to which secondary caretaker performs activities to improve parenting skills -.04
15. Extent to which secondary caretaker cancels appointments/is not present at appointments .14
  1. Note. * p < .05; *** p < .01