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Table 1 Analysis of variance and mutually adjusted linear regression estimating differences in symptom load between educational categories and across demographic background variables

From: Associations between delayed completion of high school and educational attainment and symptom levels of anxiety and depression in adulthood

   Anxiety Depression
       Linear regression estimates      Linear regression estimates
  N Mean anxiety sd F-test Multiple comparisons b 95 % CI Mean depression sd F-test Multiple comparisons b 95 % CI
Educational attainment              
 1 Masters/PhD 539 3.75 2.87 *** 4,5 ref   2.35 2.41 *** 3,4,5 ref  
 2 Bachelor level 2746 3.84 3.17   4,5 −0.07 (−0.38 to 0.23) 2.40 2.59   3,4,5 0.14 (−0.12 to 0.39)
 3 HS normative 2878 3.88 3.48   4,5 0.09 (−0.22 to 0.40) 2.75 2.68   1,2,4 0.41 (0.15 to 0.67)
 4 HS delayed 1862 4.54 3.09   1,2,3 0.72 (0.40 to 1.05) 3.17 2.85   1,2,3 0.76 (0.48 to 1.03)
 5 Elementary school 2124 4.62 3.57   1,2,3 0.75 (0.42 to 1.07) 3.17 2.99   1,2,3 0.81 (0.54 to 1.08)
Gender              
 Men 4116 3.83 3.04 ***   ref   3.03 2.79 ***   ref  
 Women 6058 4.35 3.44    0.57 (0.44 to 0.70) 2.64 2.73    −0.32 (−0.44 to −0.21)
Parental educational status              
 Higher education 1492 3.81 3.01 ***   ref   2.64 2.68 ***   ref  
 HS or equivalent 1099 4.04 3.20    0.11 (−0.15 to 0.36) 2.57 2.61    −0.03 (−0.25 to 0.18)
 Less than HS 7444 4.20 3.35    0.17 (−0.02 to 0.36) 2.85 2.78    0.04 (−0.12 to 0.20)
Age in 2006              
 30 to 35 2542 4.15 3.19    ref   2.57 2.6 ***   ref  
 36 to 40 3169 4.08 3.26    −0.13 (−0.30 to 0.05) 2.76 2.74    0.13 (−0.01 to 0.28)
 41 + 4463 4.17 3.38    −0.15 (−0.31 to 0.02) 2.96 2.86    0.24 (0.10 to 0.38)
 Total 10149