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Table 7 Variables associated with treatments received during the most recent treatment period for anxiety disordersg, h

From: Treatment adequacy of anxiety disorders among young adults in Finland

  Pharmacotherapy Visits with a physician / a year Guideline-concordant pharmacotherapyc Sessions of psychotherapy / a year Minimally adequate treatmente
Anya ≥2 months Anyb ≥4 times   Anyd ≥8 times  
Variable Category OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Gender Male (ref.) 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
  Female 1.19 0.34–4.14 1.06 0.29–3.90 1.95 0.50–7.64 1.16 0.30–4.56 0.72 0.18–2.87 1.18 0.31–4.47 1.50 0.38–5.92 1.18 0.33–4.18
Basic education Less than high school (ref.) 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
High school 1.33 0.42–4.18 3.08 0.86–11.04 1.42 0.41–4.97 0.92 0.25–3.35 1.57 0.40–6.09 1.04 0.31–3.45 1.12 0.32–3.94 0.71 0.22–2.30
Married or No (ref.) 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
cohabiting Yes 0.43 0.15–1.25 0.85 0.28–2.56 0.34 0.09–1.25 *0.27 0.08–0.85 0.66 0.20–2.11 0.35 0.11–1.14 0.39 0.12–1.21 0.36 0.12–1.05
Comorbid No (ref.) 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
mood disorder Yes 1.07 0.36–3.14 1.47 0.47–4.60 1.28 0.41–4.00 0.99 0.31–3.15 1.59 0.46–5.44 0.71 0.22–2.26 0.70 0.21–2.34 1.07 0.37–3.13
Comorbid substance No (ref.) 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
use disorder Yes 1.92 0.54–6.86 *4.48 1.11–18.08 2.46 0.59–10.30 1.46 0.39–5.48 1.78 0.46–6.95 3.21 0.81–12.75 1.27 0.33–4.82 0.98 0.28–3.42
Comorbid No (ref.) 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
personality disorder Yes 1.87 0.49–7.20 1.40 0.34–5.84 1.55 0.38–6.35 2.20 0.55–8.70 1.76 0.41–7.51 2.05 0.49–8.48 4.03 0.97–16.83 2.24 0.61–8.26
Comorbid No (ref.) 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
other disorderf Yes 0.89 0.23–3.41 0.51 0.12–2.12 0.26 0.06–1.10 2.36 0.59–9.45 1.48 0.35–6.22 0.43 0.11–1.77 1.02 0.25–4.11 1.24 0.32–4.72
More than 1 anxiety No (ref.) 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
disorder Yes 0.59 0.15–2.31 0.45 0.10–1.96 0.64 0.16–2.53 0.97 0.22–4.19 0.74 0.16–3.35 0.99 0.25–3.96 1.90 0.45–8.01 0.80 0.21–2.97
  1. OR Adjusted odds ratio; 95 % CI 95 % confidence interval
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001. These p-values indicate a significance of the difference of the odds ratios between categories tested by χ2-test. Significant differences (p < 0.05) in boldface
  3. aAntidepressant or buspirone prescribed
  4. bAt least 1 visit with a physician a year
  5. cAntidepressant or buspirone used for at least 2 months + 4 visits with a physician a year
  6. dAt least 1 session of psychotherapy a year
  7. eAntidepressant or buspirone used for at least 2 months + at least 4 visits with a physician a year or at least 8 sessions of psychotherapy a year or a hospitalization for anxiety disorders lasting for at least 4 days
  8. fPsychotic, eating, sleeping, adjustment or impulse control disorder, lifetime
  9. gParticipants with a single specific phobia were excluded
  10. hAll the variables were entered simultaneously into a logistic regression model, adjusting for the other factors shown in the table