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Table 2 Socio-demographic correlates of CRA domains

From: Providing care to relatives with mental illness: reactions and distress among primary informal caregivers

   Impact on schedule & health (ISH) Impact on finance (IF) Lack of family support (LFS) Caregiver esteem (CE)
β P-value β P-value β P-value β P-value
Age group 21–34 ref   ref   ref   ref  
35–49 0.313 0.021a 0.097 0.541 0.170 0.255 −0.065 0.553
50–64 0.108 0.448 −0.241 0.151 0.176 0.262 0.058 0.613
65 & above 0.046 0.805 −0.192 0.385 0.151 0.465 −0.091 0.551
Gender Male −0.042 0.674 0.066 0.571 −0.048 0.664 0.067 0.408
Female ref   ref   ref    
Ethnicity Chinese ref   ref   ref   ref  
Malay −0.196 0.075 −0.024 0.854 −0.091 0.451 0.226 0.011a
Indian −0.015 0.885 −0.003 0.981 0.031 0.786 0.233 0.005a
Others 0.023 0.947 −0.124 0.756 0.257 0.492 −0.323 0.241
Education No formal & primary 0.005 0.977 0.243 0.237 −0.104 0.588 0.115 0.417
Secondary 0.004 0.980 0.196 0.248 −0.004 0.979 0.360 0.002a
Vocational −0.081 0.699 0.450 0.070 −0.169 0.465 0.034 0.844
Pre-U/Junior College/Diploma 0.176 0.215 0.390 0.020a 0.012 0.938 0.131 0.254
University & above ref   ref   ref   ref  
Employment status Employed ref   ref   ref   ref  
Economically inactive −0.234 0.178 0.009 0.964 −0.154 0.421 0.088 0.532
Unemployed 0.024 0.902 0.544 0.018a 0.084 0.694 0.114 0.471
Marital status Single −0.073 0.685 −0.072 0.733 −0.139 0.481 0.036 0.805
Married −0.012 0.935 0.087 0.612 −0.017 0.916 −0.096 0.416
Divorced/Separated/Widowed ref   ref   ref   ref  
Monthly income (SGD) No income 0.334 0.132 0.200 0.440 0.461 0.058 −0.296 0.099
Below S$2000 0.182 0.246 0.302 0.102 0.470 0.007a −0.228 0.073
S$2000–S$3999 0.087 0.558 0.110 0.527 0.276 0.091 −0.216 0.073
S$4000 and above ref   ref   ref   ref  
Relationship (with ref. to care recipient) Spouse ref   ref   ref   ref  
Parent −0.055 0.657 0.243 0.093 −0.193 0.153 −0.061 0.536
Son/Daughter −0.031 0.830 0.270 0.108 0.140 0.372 −0.091 0.430
Sibling −0.097 0.591 0.254 0.229 0.212 0.284 −0.228 0.117
Others −0.001 0.998 −0.233 0.348 0.239 0.302 0.108 0.526
Any medical condition Yes 0.109 0.222 0.061 0.557 0.076 0.436 −0.083 0.251
No ref   ref   ref   ref  
  1. aResults are statistically significant at P <0.05