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Table 7 Types of benzodiazepines prescribed to previous and new users in the first year after admission for treatment for DUDs

From: Benzodiazepine prescription for patients in treatment for drug use disorders: a nationwide cohort study in Denmark, 2000–2010

  Prescription of benzodiazepines to previous users in the first year after admission Prescription of benzodiazepines to new users in the first year after admission
  Moderate-high doses <584 DDDa
N = 4113
Very high doses ≥584 DDDa
N = 2026
Moderate-high doses <584 DDDa
N = 2415
Very high doses ≥584 DDDa
N = 151
Benzodiazepine type N % N % N % N %
Alprazolam 398 9.7 287 14.2 200 8.2 32 21.2
Bromazepam 303 7.4 450 22.2 101 4.2 30 19.9
Chlordiazepoxide 692 16.8 189 9.3 624 25.8 20 13.2
Clonazapam 739 18.0 252 12.4 305 12.6 14 9.3
Diazepam 1224 29.8 914 45.1 484 20.0 50 33.1
Flunitrazepam 82 2.0 201 9.9 46 1.9 18 11.9
Nitrazepam 756 18.4 1087 53.7 393 16.3 110 72.8
Oxazepam 1284 31.2 329 16.2 692 28.7 43 28.5
Other 186 4.5 188 9.3 104 4.3 13 8.6
Totalb 5664 137.7 3897 192.3 2949 122.1 330 218.5
Multiple 1202 29.2 1257 62.0 449 18.6 101 66.9
  1. Abbreviations: DUDs, drug use disorders; DDD, Defined Daily Dose
  2. aIntake of 1 DDD daily of benzodiazepines in a 1 year period results in a total intake of 365 DDD
  3. bIt is possible for one patient to be prescribed more than one type of benzodiazepine