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Table 3 Frequency distributions of each BPD and dimensional criteria by gender and total sample

From: Borderline personality disorder and violence in the UK population: categorical and dimensional trait assessment

  Females   Males    
BPD DSM-IV Criteria n % n % Fa p
 1 Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment 1707 22.7 1356 18.7 26.9 <0.001
 2 Unstable and intense interpersonal relationships 1582 21.1 1379 19.1 7.0 0.008
 3 Identity disturbance: markedly and persistently unstable 157 2.1 112 1.6 4.3 0.04
 4 Impulsivity in at least 2 areas 2871 38.2 2875 39.7 2.8 0.09
 5 Recurrent suicidal behaviour, gestures 218 2.9 173 2.4 2.5 0.11
 6 Affective instability due to a marked reactivity of mood 1291 17.2 859 11.9 61.8 <0.001
 7 Chronic feelings of emptiness 1378 18.3 999 13.8 44.9 <0.001
 8 Inappropriate, intense anger 587 7.8 580 8.0 0.2 0.69
 9 Transient, stress-related paranoid ideation 482 6.4 465 6.4 0.0 0.98
Dimensional traits of DSM-IV BPD      3.8 0.002
 1 Traits absent 3062 40.7 3102 42.9   
 2 Clinically significant traits 3589 47.8 3459 47.8   
 3 Sub-threshold traits 344 4.6 276 3.8   
 4 Threshold of the disorder 250 3.3 167 2.3   
 5 Pervasive disorder 259 3.4 216 3.0   
 6 Prototypic disorder 12 0.2 17 0.2   
  1. Note. Weighted percentages (column) and estimates (N = 14,753)
  2. aF distribution test of association for survey data (Stata Corp. svyset commands)