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Table 8 Psychopathological Functioning Levels – Rating Scale (PFL-RS): English schedule

From: Psychopathological Functioning Levels (PFLs) and their possible relevance in psychiatric treatments: a qualitative research project

COMPREHENSION    
  Internal perspective   External perspective
COi-1 The individual confuses one or more personal life experiences with objective data (and/or) refers external events to himself/herself with no reason (and/or) does not follow logical thinking COe-1 The subjective representations of others’ certain emotional states (and/or) behaviors are disorganized from a logical standpoint (and/or) critical evidence against such representations or behaviors are ignored (and/or) refused
COi-2 The individual cannot understand and describe his/her current emotional state (and/or) behavior but through partial and occasional aspects COe-2 The individual cannot understand and describe others’ emotional states (and/or) the motivation of others’ behavior but through partial and occasional aspects
COi-3 The individual understands his/her current emotional state (and/or) behavior but he/she cannot understand at the same time those of others COe-3 The individual understands others’ current emotional state (and/or) behavior but he/she cannot feel at the same time understood by others
COi-4 The individual understands only rationally the situations while conflicting emotions possibly arising from the confrontation are not integrated and perceived as a whole COe-4 The individual acts as improperly taking shelter in concrete considerations when coping with the understanding of the conflicting aspects of a certain situation
COi-5 The individual does not understand well some defined and specific personal life experiences because he/she erases the different shades of the characteristics (and/or) causes (and/or) effects COe-5 The individual does not understand well certain defined and specific signals in the environment because he/she erases the different shades of the characteristics (and/or) causes (and(or) effects
COi-6 If difficulties concerning his/her projects arise the individual diminishes their relevance (and/or) prefers to seek pleasure or predominance of other objectives (and/or) renounces to modify them COe-6 If difficulties concerning his/her projects arise the individual tends to give up (and/or) to endorse the approval rather than pursue other objectives (and/or) to overestimate or underestimate the environmental conditions
COi-7 The individual is aware of the value of his/her projects even when evaluating the eventual negative aspects of the environmental conditions COe-7 If difficulties concerning his/her projects arise the individual evaluates the opportunity to face or avoid them with realism and without excessive apprehension or distrust