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Table 9 Psychopathological Functioning Levels – Rating Scale (PFL-RS): English schedule

From: Psychopathological Functioning Levels (PFLs) and their possible relevance in psychiatric treatments: a qualitative research project

NEGATIVE EMOTIONS    
  Internal perspective   External perspectivehe
NEi-1 Permanently (and/or) in certain situations the individual shows negative or positive emotions which are incongruous for quality and intensity NEe-1 Permanently (and/or) in certain situations the individual’ mood (and/or) emotions seem unmodifiable and incongruous for the circumstances
NEi-2 The threat to lose his/her individuality is intolerable and generates, even when responding to neutral or positive stimuli, very unstable feelings of distress (and/or) anger (and/or) emptiness NEe-2 The threat that his/her individuality is not recognizable is intolerable and generates, even when responding to neutral or positive stimuli, very unstable feelings of distress (and/or) anger (and/or) emptiness
NEi-3 The threat represented by his/her own ambivalent aspects is only occasionally tolerable and generates, without modulation, feelings of distress (and/or) anger (and/or) emptiness NEe-3 The threat represented by others’ ambivalent aspects is only occasionally tolerable, and generates, without modulation, feelings of distress (and/or) anger (and/or) emptiness
NEi-4 The distress produced by his/her own ambivalent aspects is shown as oppositional disavowals (and/or) feelings of emptiness; such a distress can be expressed only in a safe environment NEe-4 The distress produced by the contradictory quality of his/her own experiences is grasped only in a safe environment and is shown as oppositional disavowals (and/or) feelings of emptiness
NEi-5 Only in confused and threatening situations the distress produced by the individual’s ambivalent aspects is not tolerated and generates oppositional disavowals (and/or) different degrees of feelings of emptiness NEe-5 Only in confused and threatening situations produced by ambivalent relational experiences is not tolerated generates oppositional disavowals (and/or) different degrees of feelings of emptiness
NEi-6 When facing an excessive involvement in certain existential situations the individual cannot reduce anxiety (and/or) restrains or represses anger (and/or) is insecure of his/herself NEe-6 When facing an excessive involvement in certain existential situations the individual cannot reduce anxiety (and/or) restrains or represses anger (and/or) is insecure of others
NEi-7 With respect to possible painful (and/or) stressful situations the individual can reduce conveniently his/her distress NEe-7 The attention the individual pays to preventing harm (and/or) to the modalities to cope with it does not limit the perception of his/her wellbeing