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Table 4 Analyses of risk factors for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in patients with anxiety disorders

From: Increased risk of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in patients with anxiety disorders: a nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study

Predictive variables Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
HR (95 % CI) P value HR (95 % CI) P value
Age (≥60 = 1, <60 = 0) 1.50 (1.07–2.10) .019 1.13 (0.76–1.67) .561
Sex (female = 1, male = 0) 1.74 (1.26–2.41) .001 1.81 (1.31–2.50) <.001
Comorbidities
 Hypertension 1.56 (1.14–2.12) .005 1.18 (0.81–1.71) .392
 Diabetes mellitus 1.99 (1.17–3.37) .011 1.47 (0.84–2.57) .173
 Chronic liver diseases 1.14 (0.84–1.57) .403   
 Autoimmune diseases 1.16 (0.70–1.91) .566   
 Congestive heart failure 1.55 (0.76–3.15) .226   
 Hyperlipidemia 3.74 (1.67–8.38) <.001 1.24 (0.86–1.80) .262
 Nephropathy 1.40 (0.89–2.21) .146   
 Cerebrovascular disease 1.90 (1.29–2.80) .001 1.53 (1.00–2.34) .050
 COPD 1.47 (1.06–2.04) .021 1.27 (0.90–1.80) .169
  1. HR indicates hazard ratio, CI indicates confidence interval, COPD indicates chronic obstructive pulmonary disease