Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of participants with and without childhood maltreatment

From: Type of childhood maltreatment and the risk of criminal recidivism in adult probationers: a cross-sectional study

Variables Childhood maltreatment group (n = 107) No childhood maltreatment group (n = 76) P-value
Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, mean ± SD 47.4 ± 8.4 31.0 ± 4.6 <0.001
Number of types of maltreatment, N (%)a
 1 53 (29.0)   
 2 32 (17.5)   
 3 12 (6.6)   
 4 7 (3.8)   
 5 3 (1.6)   
 Age (years), mean ± SD 40.1 ± 12.7 40.1 ± 10.5 0.978
 Male, N (%) 92 (86.0) 61 (80.3) 0.303
Living situation, N (%)
 Living alone 27 (26.7) 14 (19.2) 0.247
 Living together 74 (73.3) 59 (80.8)  
Education, N (%)
  < high school graduation, N (%) 23 (22.1) 11 (14.7) 0.010
 college graduation 54 (51.9) 28 (37.3)  
  > college graduation 27 (26.0) 36 (48.0)  
Crime type, N (%)
 Violent crime 17 (16.3) 10 (13.3) 0.578
 Property crime 23 (22.1) 17 (22.7) 0.930
 Sexual crime 15 (14.4) 11 (14.7) 0.964
 Drug crime 13 (12.5) 11 (14.7) 0.675
 Domestic violence 22 (21.2) 9 (12.0) 0.110
 Traffic offences 1 (1.0) 3 (4.0) 0.175
 Obstruction of justice 2 (1.9) 3 (4.0) 0.405
 Drunk driving 8 (7.7) 5 (6.7) 0.794
 Others 5 (4.8) 6 (8.0) 0.380
  1. abased on cutoff score for moderate to severe trauma in each type in Korean Childhood Trauma Questionnaire
  2. Note: SD Standard deviation