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Table 1 Comparisons across subsamples (German-speaking and French/Italian-speaking, boys and girls)

From: Relationship between Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-second version and psychiatric disorders in youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions in Switzerland

Total sample (n = 446)
  German-speaking subsample (n = 341) French/Italian-speaking subsample (n = 105) Comparison language regions Boys (n = 297) Girls (n = 149) Comparison gender
MAYSI-2 scales M (SD) M (SD)   M (SD) M (SD)  
 Alcohol/drug use 2.74 (SD 2.81) 1.91 (2.30 SD) t(208) = 3.04, p < .01 2.56 (SD 2.75) 2.51 (SD 2.67) ns
 Angry-irritable 4.25 (SD 2.74) 5.17 (2.42 SD) t(193) = 3.29, p < .01 4.28 (SD 2.75) 4.84 (SD 2.55) t(444) = 2.06, p < .05
 Depressed-anxious 2.60 (SD 2.30) 4.16 (2.14 SD) t(444) = 6.21, p < .001 2.44 (SD 2.12) 4.01 (SD 2.45) t(262) = 6.70, p < .001
 Somatic complaints 1.68 (SD 1.57) 2.88 (1.67 SD) t(444) = 6.74, p < .001 1.54 (SD 1.45) 2.80 (SD 1.76) t(252) = 7.53, p < .001
 Suicide ideation 1.59 (SD 1.84) 1.52 (1.69 SD) ns 1.25 (SD 1.66) 2.22 (SD 1.90) t(264) = 5.32, p < .001
 Traumatic experiences
Cluster of disorders (K-SADS-PL) n (%) n (%)   n (%) n (%)  
 Any substance use 53 (15.5 %) 14 (13.3 %) ns 49 (16.5 %) 18 (12.1 %) ns
 Any affective 44 (12.9 %) 27 (25.7 %) χ2(1) = 9.84, p < .01 39 (13.1 %) 32 (21.5 %) χ2(1) = 5.16, p < .05
 Any anxiety 19 (5.6 %) 29 (27.6 %) χ2(1) = 40.63, p < .001 24 (8.1 %) 24 (16.1 %) χ2(1) = 6.66, p < .05
 Any disruptive behavior 189 (55.4 %) 21 (20.0 %) χ2(1) = 40.44, p < .001 154 (51.9 %) 56 (37.6 %) χ2(1) = 8.11, p < .01
 Suicide ideation/suicide attempts 66 (19.4 %) 32 (30.8 %) χ2(1) = 6.05, p < .05 49 (16.5 %) 49 (33.1 %) χ2(1) = 15.87, p < .001
  1. MAYSI-2 means and (cluster of) psychiatric disorders were compared separately across language regions and across gender
  2. MAYSI-2 Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-second version, K-SADS-PL Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children Present and Lifetime version, ns not significant