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Table 4 Association between depression attitudes (R-DAQ) and supernatural causal beliefs

From: The attitudes and beliefs of Pakistani medical practitioners about depression: a cross-sectional study in Lahore using the Revised Depression Attitude Questionnaire (R-DAQ)

  Any supernatural causal belief (n = 333) No supernatural causal belief (n = 197) Independent samples t-test
Depression attitudes (R-DAQ) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) t Sig. (2-tailed)
Professional confidence
(R-DAQ items 1,7,11,15,17)
15.71 (3.22) 16.34 (3.55) 2.045 0.041
Therapeutic optimism
(R-DAQ items 3,4,18,20,21)
17.65 (2.73) 18.61 (2.89) 3.748 <0.001
Generalist perspective
(R-DAQ items 2,10,14,16,22)
17.75 (4.50) 19.49 (3.09) 4.796 <0.001
Total R-DAQ (15 items) 51.21 (6.61) 54.51 (6.08) 5.758 <0.001
Total R-DAQ (22 items) 71.33 (6.43) 74.96 (7.36) 5.584 <0.001