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Table 2 Standardized parameter estimates of the cross-lagged associations and fit indices of the four structural equation models (EDEN study; N = 1459)

From: Relationship between early language skills and the development of inattention/hyperactivity symptoms during the preschool period: Results of the EDEN mother-child cohort

  Model 1a Model 2b Model 3c Model 4d
Estimate S.E. p-value Estimate S.E. p-value Estimate S.E. p-value Estimate S.E. p-value
Cross-lagged associations
Latent variable language at 5.5 years Hyperactivity/inattention symptoms score at 3 years 0.01 0.02 0.729 0.02 0.03 0.491 0.04 0.03 0.186 0.04 0.03 0.105
Hyperactivity/inattention symptoms score at 5.5 years Latent variable language at 3 years -0.17 0.03 <0.001 -0.17 0.03 <0.001 -0.13 0.03 <0.001 -0.12 0.03 <0.001
Model Fit Summary   CFI = 0.992 CFI = 0.993 CFI = 0.992 CFI = 0.992
  TLI = 0.984 TLI = 0.988 TLI = 0.987 TLI = 0.987
  RMSEA = 0.025 RMSEA = 0.016 RMSEA = 0.017 RMSEA = 0.017
  (90 % IC) = (0.017–0.032) (90 % IC) = (0.009–0.021) (90 % IC) = (0.011–0.023) (90 % IC) = (0.011–0.021)
  1. P-values in bold are statistically significant (p < 0.01)
  2. aAdjusted for recruitment center and age of the child at the time of testing at 3 and 5.5 years
  3. bAdjusted for other SDQ scores at 3 years, recruitment center and age of the child at the time of testing at 3 and 5.5 years
  4. cAdjusted for performance IQ (WPPSI-III), other SDQ scores at 3 years, recruitment center and age of the child at the time of testing at 3 and 5.5 years
  5. dAdjusted for pre- and postnatal environmental factors, performance IQ (WPPSI-III), other SDQ scores at 3 years, recruitment center and age of the child at the time of testing at 3 and 5.5 years