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Table 1 Comparison of the characteristics of suicide attempters from 2009 to 2012 (N = 485)

From: Profile differences between overdose and non-overdose suicide attempts in a multi-ethnic Asian society

  Overdose Non-overdose   
  N % N % χ2 P
Gender
 Male 150 (35.8) 31 (47) 3.29 0.07
 Female 269 (64.2) 35 (53)   
Age
 Below 21 56 (13.4) 9 (13.6) 1.75 0.78
 21–30 114 (27.2) 18 (27.3)   
 31–40 88 (21) 16 (24.2)   
 41–50 77 (18.4) 14 (21.2)   
 50+ 84 (20) 9 (13.6)   
Ethnicity
 Chinese 265 (63.4) 38 (56.7) 16.312 0.01*
 Indian 80 (19.1) 9 (13.4)   
 Malay 39 (9.3) 5 (7.5)   
 Indonesian 8 (1.9) 6 (9)   
 Others 26 (6.2) 9 (13.4)   
Discovery of Suicide attempt
 Self-Reported 133 (31.8) 7 (10.4) 34.037 <0.01**
 Father or Mother 37 (8.9) 7 (10.4)   
 Son or Daughter 29 (6.9) 3 (4.5)   
 Spouse 52 (12.4) 3 (4.5)   
 Sibling 21 (5) 3 (4.5)   
 Friend 36 (8.6) 8 (11.9)   
 Boyfriend or Girlfriend 10 (2.4) 4 (6)   
 Other relatives 16 (3.8) 1 (1.5)   
 Others 84 (20.1) 31 (46.3)   
Location of Suicide Attempt
 Home 340 (81.1) 40 (60.6) 20.356 <0.01**
 Home of other people (e.g. friend) 7 (1.7) 0 (0)   
 Workplace 10 (2.4) 3 (4.5)   
 Public areas or other areas 62 (14.8) 23 (34.8)   
Suicide attempt took place during weekend
 Yes 103 (24.6) 14 (21.2) 0.354 0.55
 No 316 (75.4) 52 (78.8)   
Planning before Suicide Attempt
 Yes 52 (12.4) 8 (12.1) 0.000 1.00
 No 367 (87.6) 58 (87.9)   
Admitting Suicide Intention
 Yes 208 (49.6) 35 (53) 0.058 0.809
 No 211 (50.4) 31 (47)   
Precipitants
 Work-related issues 122 (29.1) 27 (40.9) 2.232 0.14
 Family-related issues 164 (39.1) 29 (43.9) 0.691 0.41
 Relationship problems 212 (50.6) 34 (51.5) 0.017 0.90
 Financial problems 98 (23.4) 17 (25.8) 0.002 0.97
 Medical Illnesses 68 (16.2) 11 (16.7) 0.000 1.00
 Other Issues 30 (7.2) 6 (9.1) 0.092 0.76
Psychiatric Diagnosis
 Acute Stress Reaction 171 (40.8) 26 (39.4) 0.016 0.90
 Adjustment Disorder 61 (14.6) 10 (15.2) 0.000 1.00
 Depressive Disorder 76 (18.1) 17 (25.8) 1.165 0.28
 Bipolar Disorder 2 (0.5) 0 (0) 0.000 1.00
 Schizophrenia 6 (1.4) 1 (1.5) 0.000 1.00
 Borderline Personality disorder 10 (2.4) 1 (1.5) 0.003 0.96
 Alcohol abuse/dependence 1 (0.2) 1 (1.5) 0.191 0.66
 Misuse of other substances 0 (0) 1 (1.5) 1.051 0.31
 Other diagnosis 92 (22) 9 (13.6) 2.430 0.12
  1. (*P < 0.05; **P < 0.01)