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Table 8 Synthesis of the main results regarding admission and discharge characteristics

From: Pre-discharge factors predicting readmissions of psychiatric patients: a systematic review of the literature

Variables Number of studies resulted significant/Number of studies analysing the variable Main significant resultsa
(bivariate)
Main significant resultsa
(multivariate)
Length of stay 13/33 Mixed direction (11) Protective factor (4), mixed results (1)
Involuntary admission 2/9 Involuntary admission protective factor (2) Involuntary admission protective factor (1)
Type of discharge 6/10 Discharge plan sent to GP (2), located (1), rated as adequate (1) and discharge on medical advice (2) protective factors Discharge plan sent to GP (2), rated as adequate (1), discharge on medical advice (2) protective factors
Referral made at discharge/discharge destination 3/6 Being followed by social welfare services (1), having an assigned service in community (1) risk factors Being followed by social welfare services (1) risk factor; patients assigned to an outpatient (vs control) commitment group protective factor (1)
Complications during hospitalization 3/3 Complications during hospitalization risk factor (3) Complications during hospitalization risk factor (2)
Treatment and clinical practice 5/9 Atypical antipsychotic (2), receiving mood stabilizers at discharge (1), antipsychotic medications (1), ECT in the hospital stay (1) protective factors; on depot injectable antipsychotic (1) risk factor Intensive case management services protective factor (1)
  1. One paper with not significant results on “treatment goals documented at admission” and on “treatment goals met at discharge” was also found
  2. aThe number of significant results (when present) is reported in brackets for each variable. Please note that such numbers refer to the papers, and that more than one variable in the same row could be analysed in the same paper; moreover, not all studies conduct both bivariate and multivariate analysis
  3. “Mixed direction” means that the variable resulted significant in more than one paper, but the results were contrasting