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Table 3 Percentage of population reporting depression in past 30 days, World Health Survey, 2002–03

From: Association between depression and fruit and vegetable consumption among adults in South Asia

Variables Bangladesh India Nepal
  Severe-extreme Mild-moderate Severe-extreme Mild-moderate Severe-extreme Mild-moderate
  14.7 44.7 11.9 33.3 17.2 36.4
Age
18–29 15.1 12.7 17.2 18.4 10.4 18.2
30–39 18.2 12.1 20.1 15.2 10.2 21.9
40–49 17.2 22.6 19.3 18.4 18.4 20.9
50–59 17.4 25.8 13.7 23.5 27.6 15.5
60+ 32.2 26.8 29.7 24.5 33.4 23.6
p <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Sex
Female 71.8 61.0 64.4 56.2 60.0 65.1
Male 28.2 39.0 35.6 43.8 40.0 34.9
p <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.002 < 0.001
Currently married
Yes 33.5 20.5 26.4 21.2 15.5 20.5
No 66.5 79.5 73.6 78.8 84.5 79.5
p <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.003 <0.001 <0.001
Educational attainment
Nil 54.6 46.0 55.7 46.3 61.2 75.0
Primary 37.7 42.6 28.0 29.1 26.1 18.9
Secondary 6.1 8.9 12.1 18.6 11.9 5.9
Pre-university/University 1.7 2.5 4.2 6.0 0.9 0.2
p <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Employment status
Govt. employee 1.5 2.9 1.9 3.5 2.7 2.3
Private employee 2.5 4.7 6.3 9.1 1.8 1.5
Employer 23.4 35.4 35.9 39.1 68.9 62.6
Not working for payment 72.6 57.0 55.9 48.3 26.6 33.5
p <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Smoking habit
Daily 49.0 52.9 60.4 62.8 57.3 51.2
Yes. not daily 5.0 4.9 2.7 3.7 6.1 6.4
Non-smoker 46.0 42.2 36.9 33.5 36.6 42.4
p 0.017 < 0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.032
Alcohol
No 10.3 5.5 9.9 11.3 32.7 40.3
Yes 89.7 94.5 90.1 88.7 67.3 59.7
p <0.001 <0.001 0.294 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Satisfaction with health
Very dissatisfied 16.9 6.4 12.7 4.8 4.9 6.7
Dissatisfied 28.2 21.2 32.6 20.5 17.5 26.0
Neither 27.8 36.2 24.4 29.1 25.4 30.7
Satisfied 22.8 30.6 26.1 40.8 48.5 33.9
Very Satisfied 4.2 5.6 4.2 4.8 3.7 2.6
p <0.001 < 0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Fruit consumption
<5 94.8 95.5 95.1 95.6 92.8 89.8
5 3.6 2.2 2.2 2.1 5.7 7.7
5+ 1.7 2.3 2.7 2.3 1.6 2.5
P 0.068 <0.001 <0.001 0.169 <0.001 0.001
Vegetable consumption
<5 88.9 85.9 95.2 94.3 96.2 97.4
5 3.3 4.0 1.2 1.7 2.2 1.2
5+ 7.7 10.1 3.6 4.0 1.6 1.4
P <0.001 0.135 <0.001 0.03 <0.001 0.15