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Table 5 Risk factors for prenatal maternal depression

From: Sociodemographic and delivery risk factors for developing postpartum depression in a sample of 3233 mothers from the Czech ELSPAC study

Risk factors Frequency Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
Odds ratio p-value Odds ratio p-value
Personal or family history of depression Personal history of depression 167 (5.2%) 2.7 (1.9; 3.9) <0.001 2.1 (1.2; 3.6) 0.008
Mother of the expectant mother had a personal history of depression 553 (19.0%) 1.7 (1.3; 2.2) <0.001 1.2 (0.8; 1.7) 0.357
Father of the expectant mother had a personal history of depression 154 (5.3%) 1.9 (1.3; 2.9) 0.001 1.8 (1.1; 3.1) 0.017
Factors regarding pregnancy Unintentional pregnancy 1566 (48.7%) 1.4 (1.2; 1.8) 0.001 1.2 (0.9; 1.7) 0.173
Mother felt unhappy about being pregnant 164 (5.2%) 2.3 (1.6; 3.4) <0.001 1.5 (0.8; 2.7) 0.176
Primiparous 1570 (48.6%) 1.0 (0.9; 1.3) 0.677 1.0 (0.7; 1.3) 0.798
Gender of the child – male 1678 (51.9%) 0.8 (0.7; 1.0) 0.047 0.7 (0.5; 1.0) 0.022
Mother under 18 years 41 (1.3%) 1.2 (0.5; 2.8) 0.725 0.9 (0.2; 4.3) 0.947
Education – secondarya 1420 (44.4%) 1.3 (0.9; 1.8) 0.114 0.6 (0.4; 0.9) 0.026
Education – primarya 1167 (36.5%) 1.8 (1.3; 2.5) <0.001 0.8 (0.5; 1.1) 0.111
Factors regarding the time of questionnaire Family savingsb 1274 (56.9%) 0.7 (0.6; 1.0) 0.021 0.7 (0.5; 1.0) 0.056
Mother living aloneb 88 (2.7%) 3.0 (1.9; 4.8) <0.001 1.6 (0.8; 3.5) 0.196
Psychosocial stressorsc 4.0 (0.0; 18.0) 1.09 (1.07; 1.10) <0.001 1.07 (1.04; 1.09) <0.001
  1. aWe used college education as a reference value
  2. bQuestion was asked at 6 months postpartum
  3. cThis variable includes 35 questions regarding psychosocial stressors (the scale is 0-140 point), we stated median and a 5-95% percentile