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Table 6 Risk factors for postnatal maternal depression at 6 weeks postpartum

From: Sociodemographic and delivery risk factors for developing postpartum depression in a sample of 3233 mothers from the Czech ELSPAC study

Risk factor Frequency Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
Odds ratio p-value Odds ratio p-value
Personal or family history of depression Personal history of depression 167 (5.2%) 3.8 (2.7; 5.3) <0.001 2.7 (1.5; 4.9) 0.001
Mother of the expectant mother had a personal history of depression 553 (19.0%) 1.8 (1.4; 2.4) <0.001 1.1 (0.7; 1.7) 0.659
Father of the expectant mother had a personal history of depression 154 (5.3%) 1.6 (1.1; 2.5) 0.026 1.2 (0.7; 2.3) 0.508
Factors regarding pregnancy or delivery Unintentional pregnancy 1566 (48.7%) 1.3 (1.1; 1.7) 0.009 1.2 (0.9; 1.8) 0.264
Mother felt unhappy about being pregnant 164 (5.2%) 2.4 (1.6; 3.5) <0.001 1.9 (1.0; 3.7) 0.051
Primiparous 1570 (48.6%) 1.1 (0.9; 1.3) 0.626 1.1 (0.7; 1.5) 0.743
Gender of the child – male 1678 (51.9%) 1.0 (0.8; 1.2) 0.724 1.2 (0.8; 1.7) 0.381
Preterm birth (less than 38 weeks) 83 (3.3%) 0.8 (0.4; 1.7) 0.541 0.6 (0.1; 2.7) 0.534
C-section 241 (7.6%) 1.4 (1.0; 2.0) 0.087 1.5 (0.8; 2.9) 0.241
Newborn transfer to ICU 153 (4.9%) 0.8 (0.5; 1.4) 0.488 0.6 (0.2; 2.4) 0.519
No breastfeeding 563 (18.4%) 1.2 (0.9; 1.6) 0.179 1.2 (0.8; 1.8) 0.392
Mother under 18 yearsa 41 (1.3%) 0.8 (0.3; 2.3) 0.690 - -
Education – secondaryb 1420 (44.4%) 0.9 (0.6; 1.2) 0.328 1.3 (0.8; 2.2) 0.242
Education – primaryb 1167 (36.5%) 0.9 (0.7; 1.3) 0.654 1.4 (0.9; 2.1) 0.146
Factors regarding the time of questionnaire Family savingsc 1274 (56.9%) 0.8 (0.6; 1.1) 0.192 0.8 (0.5; 1.1) 0.137
Mother living alonec 88 (2.7%) 3.7 (2.3; 5.9) <0.001 2.4 (1.1; 5.6) 0.033
Psychosocial stressorsd 4.0 (0.0; 17.0) 1.12 (1.10; 1.13) <0.001 1.10 (1.07; 1.13) <0.001
  1. aAnalysis not conducted due to small sample size
  2. bWe used college education as a reference value
  3. cQuestion was asked at 6 months postpartum
  4. dThis variable includes 35 questions regarding psychosocial stressors (the scale is 0-140 point), we stated median and a 5-95% percentile