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Table 3 Results of included studies (n = 11)

From: A systematic review of screening instruments for depression for use in antenatal services in low resource settings

Author Country of study Type of study Sample (n) Gold standard Screening Instrument AUC (95% CI) Se Sp
Adewuya et al. (2006) [25] Nigeria Validation study 182 pregnant women (32–36 weeks) MINI EPDS .965 .867 .915
Alvarado-Esquivel et al. (2014a) [36] Mexico Validation study 158 adult pregnant women (2-9 months) DSM-IV EPDS .810 .757 .744
Alvarado-Esquivel et al. (2014b) [37] Mexico Validation study 120 teenage pregnant women (3–9 months) DSM-IV EPDS .890 .704 .849
e Couto et al. (2015) [1] Brazil Validation study 247 pregnant women (2nd trimester) MINI EPDS .850 .816 .733
BDI .900 .820 .846
HAM-D .860 .877 .746
Fernandes et al. (2011) [4] India Cross sectional study 194 pregnant women (3rd trimester) MINI EPDS .950 1.00 .849
K-10 .950 1.00 .813
Kaaya et al. (2002) [23] Tanzania Randomized controlled trial 903 HIV positive pregnant women (8–26 weeks) SCID HSCL-25 .860 .890 .800
Martins et al. (2015) [39] Brazil Cross sectional study 807 adolescent pregnant women (2nd trimester) MINI EPDS .890 .811 .827
BDI .870 .867 .738
Natamba et al. (2014) [35] Uganda Cross sectional study 123 [36 HIV positive and 87 HIV negative pregnant women] (10–26 weeks) MINI CES-D-20 .820 .727 .785
Rochat et al. (2013) [3] South Africa Cross sectional study 109 [49 HIV positive and 60 HIV negative pregnant women] (Second half of pregnancy) SCID EPDS .817 .690 .780
Spies et al. (2009) [22] South Africa Prospective study 129 pregnant women (<20 weeks) SCID K-10 .660 .730 .540
Stewart et al. (2013) [34] Malawi Validation study 224 pregnant women (28–34 weeks) SCID EPDS .811 .688 .795
SRQ .833 .763 .813
  1. AUC area under curve, BDI beck depression index, CES-D centre for epidemiologic studies depression scale, CI confidence interval, DSM-IV diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders version 4, EPDS Edinburgh postnatal depression scale, HAM-D Hamilton rating scale for depression, HSCL-25 Hopkins symptoms checklist 25, K-10 Kessler psychological distress scale 10, MINI mini-international neuropsychiatric interview, SCID structured clinical interviews for DSM IV axis 1 diagnoses, SRQ self-reporting questionnaire, Se sensitivity, Sp specificity, [ ] number in reference list, HIV human immunodeficiency virus