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Table 1 Sample characteristics at baseline

From: Does one size really fit all? The effectiveness of a non-diagnosis-specific integrated mental health care program in Germany in a prospective, parallel-group controlled multi-centre trial

  Total TAU IC p-valuea
Sociodemographic
 age in years; m (sd) 46.47 11.61 47.15 11.01 45.82 12.14 0.195
 employed; n (%) 175 35.1% 58 23.5% 117 46.4% <0.001
 living alone; n (%) 235 46.0% 127 50.6% 108 41.5% 0.040
 female; n (%) 353 69.1% 167 66.5% 186 71.5% 0.221
 health insurance company affiliation, TK; n (%) 214 41.9% 32 12.7% 182 70.0% <0.001
 social welfare reception; n (%) 26 5.1% 20 8.0% 6 2.3% 0.004
Treatment
 duration of illness in years; m (sd) 12.47 11.63 14.24 11.85 10.77 11.18 0.001
 number of hospitalisations; m (sd) 2.78 3.89 3.83 4.92 1.77 2.1 <0.001
 primary diagnosis        0.017
  – F20-F29; n (%) 67 13.1% 43 17.1% 24 9.2%  
  – F30-F39; n (%) 317 62.0% 140 55.8% 177 68.1%  
  – F40-F48; n (%) 98 19.2% 53 21.1% 45 17.3%  
 multiple mental diagnoses; n (%) 248 48.5% 135 53.8% 113 43.5% 0.020
 prescription of antipsychotics; n (%) 379 74.2% 199 79.3% 180 69.2% 0.009
 legal guardian; n (%) 31 6.1% 23 9.2% 8 3.1% 0.004
 assisted living; n (%) 36 7.1% 31 12.4% 5 1.9% <0.001
Outcome measures
 EPAS – total; m (sd) 3.42 0.60 3.42 0.62 3.42 0.59 0.959
  – daily living; m (sd) 3.62 0.70 3.58 0.71 3.67 0.68 0.165
  – social relationships and
   sexuality; m (sd)
3.21 0.72 3.20 0.75 3.23 0.70 0.640
  – psychiatric treatment;
   m (sd)
3.66 0.66 3.72 0.67 3.61 0.64 0.045
  – hope and self-efficacy;
   m (sd)
3.19 0.80 3.18 0.81 3.20 0.79 0.753
  – self-esteem; m (sd) 3.41 0.80 3.41 0.83 3.40 0.77 0.899
  – empowerment at work
   (n = 250); m (sd)
3.43 0.81 3.43 0.83 3.42 0.80 0.900
  – parenting of minor
   children (n = 96); m (sd)
3.68 0.73 3.85 0.70 3.56 0.72 0.054
 HONOS - total; m (sd) 10.66 5.30 10.53 5.12 10.79 5.48 0.576
 number of needs; m (sd) 4.70 2.63 5.07 2.70 4.34 2.51 0.002
 proportion of met needs; m (sd) 59.5% 68.2% 62.9% 69.6% 56.2% 67.2% 0.017
 QOL-BREF; m (sd) 48.86 22.04 48.63 22.64 49.08 21.49 0.818
 satisfaction score; m (sd) 24.22 4.43 24.51 4.53 23.94 4.33 0.154
  1. aPearson Chi2 test for categorical and t-test for continuous variables