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Table 5 Relationship between continuum belief and the non-identification of mental illness

From: Correct recognition and continuum belief of mental disorders in a nursing student population

   OR 95% CI p-value
Continuum belief score 1.360 1.011 1.829 0.042
Age group <21 years Ref. - - -
21 years and above 0.686 0.309 1.523 0.354
Gender Female Ref. - - -
Male 1.899 0.938 3.842 0.075
Ethnicity Chinese Ref. - - -
Malay 1.830 0.907 3.692 0.092
Indian and Others 1.850 0.813 4.213 0.143
Monthly household income Below 2000 Ref. - - -
2000–3999 0.541 0.256 1.143 0.108
4000 and above 1.176 0.605 2.285 0.663
Education Vocational Ref. - - -
Diploma 1.252 0.566 2.768 0.578
Tertiary 1.047 0.340 3.227 0.936
Stage of nursing educationa 1st year Ref. - - -
2nd year 0.882 0.389 1.999 0.764
3rd year 0.456 0.142 1.469 0.188
4th year 1.129 0.358 3.560 0.837
Lecture and small group teaching Attended Ref. - - -
Not attended 0.677 0.303 1.513 0.342
Clinical placement Attended Ref. - - -
Not attended 1.512 0.655 3.492 0.333
Vignette type Schizophrenia Ref. - - -
Depression 0.266 0.111 0.636 0.003
Dementia 0.346 0.152 0.790 0.012
OCD 0.133 0.049 0.363 <0.001
Alcohol abuse 0.289 0.126 0.664 0.003
Has experience dealing with someone having problems similar to “X” No Ref. - - -
Yes 0.710 0.367 1.373 0.309
Has friends and family with problems similar to “X” No Ref. - - -
Yes 0.535 0.247 1.160 0.113
  1. aOR was not estimated for 5th year students (n = 22) due to zero case endorsing non-mental illness
  2. All variables except continuum belief score were entered into the logistic regression model as covariates
  3. CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio