Skip to main content

Table 2 Association between ADHD and adverse outcomes

From: Prevalence and correlates for ADHD and relation with social and academic functioning among children and adolescents with HIV/AIDS in Uganda

Outcome ADHD-I
aOR;95% CI; P-value
ADHD-HI
aOR;95% CI; P-value
Any ADHD
aOR;95% CI; P-value
Onset of sexual intercourse 3.43 (0.91; 12.92)
P = 0.07
0.87 (0.07; 10.59)
P = 0.92
2.93 (0.86; 9.97)
P = 0.09
Poor academic performance 3.72 (2.02; 6.85)
P < 0.001
1.43 (0.53; 3.82)
P = 0.48
3.85 (2.26; 6.55)
P < 0.001
Any problems at school 1.53 (0.79; 2.94)
P = 0.21
2.11 (0.88; 5.02)
P = 0.09
2.30 (1.35; 3.92)
P = 0.002
Any visit to the health Unit 0.81 (0.30; 2.18)
P = 0.68
0.66 (0.15; 2.99)
P = 0.59
0.70 (0.29; 1.68)
P = 0.43
Hospital Admission Too few cases to model 2.31 (0.29; 18.13)
P = 0.43
0.52 (0.07; 3.91)
P = 0.52
Non-adherence to HIV treatment 1.58 (0.47; 5.28)
P = 0.46
0.56 (0.06; 5.47)
P = 0.62
1.16 (0.37; 3.59)
P = 0.80
  1. NOTE: ADHD attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, I inattentive presentation, HI hyperactive-impulsive presentation, C combined presentation, CASI Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory