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Table 1 Mean scores (S.D.’s) and Severity Range Descriptors for the Clinical and Non-Clinical Sample on the Norm-Referenced Measures

From: Screening for anxiety and depression: reassessing the utility of the Zung scales

Measure Total Sample Non-Clinical Sample Clinical Sample
DASS42
 Depression Subscale 7.16 (8.76) Normal 5.47 (6.83) Normal 12.77 (11.70) Mild
 Anxiety Subscale 4.94 (5.61) Normal 3.80 (4.29) Normal 8.74 (7.55) Mild
 Stress Subscale 10.93 (8.25) Normal 9.29 (6.57) Normal 16.34 (10.65) Mild
SAS Total Raw Score 34.09 (8.18) Normal 32.54 (7.36) Normal 39.25 (8.66) Clinically Significant
SDS Total Raw Score 38.41 (9.43) Normal 36.67 (8.32) Normal 44.21 (10.55) Mild - Moderate