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Table 3 Mean values (standard errors) of emotional reactions towards someone with depression depending on respondents’ migration background and migration status in the depression vignette

From: Depression stigma and migration – results of a survey from Germany

Item Non-migranta
(n = 644–708)
Migrant born in Germanya
(n = 58–62)
Migrant foreign borna
(n = 98–101)
Results of analyses of variance (F, partial η2, p)
Emotional reactions
Upon meeting this person…
…I react angrily.b
 Non-migrant vignette 1.45 (0.03) 1.59 (0.11) 1.33 (0.09) F(2,427) = 1.839, η2 = 0.009, p = 0.160
 Migrant vignette 1.43 (0.03) 1.49 (0.10) 1.59 (0.09) F(2,461) = 1.433, η2 = 0.006, p = 0.240
…I feel annoyed.b
 Non-migrant vignette 1.87 (0.04) 2.00 (0.15) 1.73 (0.12) F(2,426) = 1.090, η2 = 0.005, p = 0.337
 Migrant vignette 1.73 (0.04) 1.78 (0.12) 1.64 (0.11) F(2,449) = 0.412, η2 = 0.002, p = 0.662
…I react with incomprehension.b
 Non-migrant vignette 1.64 (0.04) 1.79 (0.14) 2.04 (0.11)d F(2,425) = 5.796, η2 = 0.027, p = 0.003
 Migrant vignette 1.63 (0.04) 1.51 (0.12) 2.00 (0.11)d,e F(2,462) = 5.923, η2 = 0.025, p = 0.003
Scale Angerc
 Non-migrant vignette 4.96 (0.09) 5.37 (0.31) 5.05 (0.25) F(2,428) = 0.835, η2 = 0.004, p = 0.435
 Migrant vignette 4.79 (0.08) 4.77 (0.26) 5.16 (0.24) F(2,460) = 1.093, η2 = 0.005, p = 0.336
…I feel pity.b
 Non-migrant vignette 3.09 (0.04) 3.08 (0.14) 3.36 (0.11) F(2,428) = 2.709, η2 = 0.012, p = 0.068
 Migrant vignette 3.01 (0.04) 3.28 (0.13) 3.19 (0.12) F(2,466) = 1.871, η2 = 0.008, p = 0.155
…I feel sympathy.b
 Non-migrant vignette 2.68 (0.05) 2.82 (0.16) 2.64 (0.12) F(2,396) = 0.433, η2 = 0.002, p = 0.649
 Migrant vignette 2.67 (0.04) 2.83 (0.13) 2.56 (0.11) F(2,428) = 1.223, η2 = 0.006, p = 0.295
…I feel the need to help.b
 Non-migrant vignette 3.20 (0.04) 3.14 (0.13) 3.47 (0.11)d F(2,426) = 3.099, η2 = 0.014, p = 0.046
 Migrant vignette 3.12 (0.03) 3.22 (0.11) 3.13 (0.09) F(2,467) = 0.345, η2 = 0.001, p = 0.708
Scale Prosocialc
 Non-migrant vignette 9.01 (0.09) 9.04 (0.31) 9.43 (0.24) F(2,430) = 1.350, η2 = 0.006, p = 0.260
 Migrant vignette 8.83 (0.08) 9.43 (0.25) 8.83 (0.22) F(2,465) = 2.542, η2 = 0.011, p = 0.080
…I feel uncomfortable.b
 Non-migrant vignette 2.03 (0.05) 1.94 (0.16) 1.97 (0.13) F(2,420) = 0.221, η2 = 0.001, p = 0.802
 Migrant vignette 2.00 (0.04) 1.70 (0.15) 2.50 (0.13)d,e F(2,451) = 9.339, η2 = 0.040, p < 0.001
…he/she scares me.b
 Non-migrant vignette 1.69 (0.04) 1.51 (0.14) 1.74 (0.11) F(2,426) = 0.844, η2 = 0.004, p = 0.431
 Migrant vignette 1.55 (0.03) 1.57 (0.11) 1.63 (0.09) F(2,465) = 0.327, η2 = 0.001, p = 0.721
…I feel insecure.c
 Non-migrant vignette 1.89 (0.05) 1.87 (0.17) 2.03 (0.13) F(2,429) = 0.490, η2 = 0.002, p = 0.613
 Migrant vignette 1.85 (0.04) 1.74 (0.13) 1.94 (0.12) F(2,465) = 0.664, η2 = 0.003, p = 0.515
Scale Fearb
 Non-migrant vignette 5.61 (0.12) 5.37 (0.39) 5.67 (0.30) F(2,439) = 0.211, η2 = 0.001, p = 0.810
 Migrant vignette 5.39 (0.10) 5.04 (0.31) 5.89 (0.27) F(2,469) = 2.349, η2 = 0.010, p = 0.097
  1. aMean values adjusted for gender, age and level of education; statistically significant results (p < 0.05) are italicized
  2. bEmotional reaction items ranging from 1 ‘totally disagree’ to 4 ‘totally agree’
  3. cEmotional reaction scales ranging from 3 to 12, comprised of 3 items (sum scores)
  4. dsignificantly different from non-migrant
  5. esignificantly different from migrant born in Germany