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Table 4 Mean values (standard errors) of desire for social distance from someone with depression depending on respondents’ migration background and migration status in the depression vignette

From: Depression stigma and migration – results of a survey from Germany

Item Non-migranta
(n = 644–708)
Migrant born in Germanya
(n = 58–62)
Migrant foreign borna
(n = 98–101)
Results of analyses of variance (F, partial η2, p)
Desire for Social Distance
Tenantb
 Non-migrant vignette 2.40 (0.05) 2.56 (0.18) 2.31 (0.14) F(2,420) = 0.592, η2 = 0.003, p = 0.554
 Migrant vignette 2.48 (0.05) 2.15 (0.16) 2.51 (0.14) F(2,452) = 2.145, η2 = 0.009, p = 0.118
Neighborb
 Non-migrant vignette 1.69 (0.04) 1.65 (0.14) 1.72 (0.11) F(2,427) = 0.071, η2 = 0.000, p = 0.931
 Migrant vignette 1.67 (0.04) 1.71 (0.12) 1.93 (0.10) F(2,462) = 2.943, η2 = 0.013, p = 0.054
Colleagueb
 Non-migrant vignette 1.67 (0.04) 1.43 (0.13) 1.68 (0.10) F(2,429) = 1.650, η2 = 0.008, p = 0.193
 Migrant vignette 1.67 (0.04) 1.81 (0.13) 1.67 (0.10) F(2,460) = 0.786, η2 = 0.003, p = 0.456
Childcareb
 Non-migrant vignette 3.05 (0.05) 2.78 (0.16) 3.08 (0.13) F(2,420) = 1.321, η2 = 0.006, p = 0.268
 Migrant vignette 2.88 (0.05) 2.89 (0.14) 3.23 (0.13)d F(2,448) = 3.897, η2 = 0.017, p = 0.021
In-lawb
 Non-migrant vignette 2.25 (0.05) 2.27 (0.16) 2.65 (0.13)d F(2,403) = 4.284, η2 = 0.021, p = 0.014
 Migrant vignette 2.18 (0.05) 2.37 (0.14) 2.89 (0.13)d,e F(2,426) = 13.316, η2 = 0.059, p < 0.001
Introduce a friendb
 Non-migrant vignette 2.14 (0.05) 2.17 (0.16) 2.20 (0.12) F(2,421) = 0.105, η2 = 0.000, p = 0.900
 Migrant vignette 2.21 (0.05) 2.21 (0.15) 2.40 (0.13) F(2,454) = 0.988, η2 = 0.004, p = 0.373
Job recommendationb
 Non-migrant vignette 2.59 (0.05) 2.54 (0.16) 2.56 (0.13) F(2,407) = 0.049, η2 = 0.000, p = 0.952
 Migrant vignette 2.57 (0.05) 2.46 (0.14) 2.62 (0.13) F(2,454) = 0.361, η2 = 0.002, p = 0.697
Desire for Social Distance Scalec
 Non-migrant vignette 15.75 (0.21) 15.39 (0.72) 16.24 (0.57) F(2,214) = 0.487, η2 = 0.002, p = 0.615
 Migrant vignette 15.65 (0.20) 15.52 (0.62) 17.23 (0.54)d F(2,462) = 3.979, η2 = 0.017, p = 0.019
  1. aMean values adjusted for gender, age and level of education; statistically significant results (p < 0.05) are italicized
  2. bDesire for Social Distance single items ranging from 1 ‘totally agree’ to 4 ‘totally disagree’
  3. cDesire for social distance scale comprised of 7 items, total score ranging from 7 to 28 (sum score)
  4. dsignificantly different from non-migrant
  5. esignificantly different from migrant born in Germany