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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of respondents

From: Anxiety and depression among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and general population in rural Nepal

Characteristics Study population (N = 198) COPD group (N = 93) Control group (N = 105)
Age (mean age ± SD)
 (Min-Max)
58.01 ± 12.11
(40-82)
64.93 ± 9.19
(40-82)
51.86 ± 11.06
(40-76)
Sex
 Male 119 (60.1%) 41 (44.1%) 78 (74.3%)
 Female 79 (39.9%) 52 (55.9%) 27 (25.7%)
Occupation
 Farmer 107 (54%) 47 (50.5%) 60 (57.1%)
 Home maker 46 (23.2%) 31 (33.3%) 15 (14.3%)
 Retired from service 22 (11.1%) 12 (12.9%) 10 (9.5%)
 Service holder 12 (6.1%) 0 (0%) 12 (11.4%)
 Labor 9 (4.5%) 3 (3.2%) 6 (5.7%)
 Business 2 (1.0%) 0 (0%) 2 (1.9%)
Marital status
 Married 166 (83.8%) 74 (79.6%) 92 (87.6%)
 Widow 24 (12.1%) 19 (20.5%) 5 (4.8%)
 Separated 5 (2.5%) 0 (0%) 5 (4.8%)
 Single 3 (1.5%) 0 (0%) 3 (2.9%)
Family type
 Joint 158 (79.8%) 80 (86.0%) 78 (74.3%)
 Nuclear 40 (20.2%) 13 (14.0%) 27 (25.7%)
Education
 Illiterate 120 (60.6%) 76 (81.7%) 44 (41.9%)
 Informal education 24 (12.1%) 4 (4.3%) 20 (19.0%)
 Primary level 32 (16.2%) 10 (10.8%) 22 (21.0%)
 Secondary level 22 (11.1%) 3 (3.2%) 19 (18.1%)
Smoking status
 Smoker 133 (67.2%) 89 (95.7%) 44 (41.9%)
 Non smoker 65 (32.8%) 4 (4.3%) 61 (58.1%)
 Alcohol consumption 77 (38.9%) 29 (31.2%) 48 (45.7%)
 Disease duration (mean year ± SD)   6.75 ± 5.89  
 Hospitalization in last one year   1.88 ± 0.99  
 BAI, mean ± SD (range 0 - 45)* 15.41 ± 11.35 23.76 ± 9.51 8.01 ± 6.83
 BDI, mean ± SD (range 1 - 48)* 19.18 ± 11.97 27.72 ± 9.37 11.60 ± 8.42
  1. *Chi square test value: P value <0.05
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