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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics in Subjects with MetS and without MetS

From: Does presence of metabolic syndrome impact anxiety and depressive disorder screening results in middle aged and elderly individuals? A population based study

  With MetS
n = 384 (34.4%)
Without MetS
n = 731 (65.6%)
P-value*
Age (years) 63.7 ± 9.2 61.1 ± 9.7 0.0001
Gender 0.05
 Women 206 (53.6%) 347 (47.5%)  
 Men 178 (46.4%) 384 (52.5%)  
Residence 0.0001
 Rural 244 (63.5%) 539 (73.7%)  
 Urban 140 (36.5%) 192 (26.3%)  
Education 0.219
 High school or lower 193 (50.3%) 341 (46.6%)  
 Graduated from high school 150 (39.1%) 324 (44.3%)  
 University degree 41 (10.7%) 66 (9.0%)  
Marital status 0.152
 Currently married 260 (67.7%) 531 (72.6%)  
 Never married 20 (5.2%) 40 (5.5%)  
 Divorced or widower 104 (27.1%) 160 (21.9%)  
Employment status 0.002
 Currently employed 71 (18.5%) 188 (25.7%)  
 Currently unemployed 43 (11.2%) 108 (14.8%)  
 Retired/disabled 270 (70.3%) 435 (59.5%)  
Current smoking 0.329
 Non-smokers 266 (69.3%) 478 (65.4%)  
 Smokes 1–9 cigarettes/day 19 (4.9%) 54 (7.4%)  
 Smokes 10–19 cigarettes/day 38 (9.9%) 69 (9.4%)  
 Smokes ≥20 cigarettes/day 61 (15.9%) 130 (17.8%)  
Alcohol consumption 0.024
 Non-consumers 54 (14.1%) 71 (9.7%)  
 Several times/year 210 (54.7%) 384 (52.5%)  
 Monthly or more 120 (31.2%) 276 (37.8%)  
Physical activity a 0.0001
 Several times/month or more 75 (19.5%) 124 (17.0%)  
 Several times/year 75 (19.5%) 256 (35.0%)  
 Non-active 234 (60.9%) 351 (48.0%)  
Past medical histories
 Myocardial infarction 33 (8.6%) 29 (4.0%) 0.001
 Stroke 26 (6.8%) 28 (3.8%) 0.030
 Cardiovascular disorders 275 (71.6%) 388 (53.1%) 0.0001
 Respiratory disorders 138 (35.9%) 232 (31.7%) 0.157
 Gastrointestinal disorders 131 (34.1%) 241 (33.0%) 0.70
 Musculoskeletal disorders 204 (53.1%) 387 (52.9%) 0.953
 Neurological disorders 86 (22.4%) 175 (23.9%) 0.563
 Genitourinary tract disorders 110 (28.6%) 187 (25.6%) 0.271
 Type 2 diabetes mellitus 45 (11.7%) 8 (1.1%) 0.0001
 Other endocrine disorders 103 (26.8%) 118 (16.1%) 0.0001
 Other diseases 135 (35.2%) 231 (31.6%) 0.230
Current medication use
 ACE inhibitors 144 (37.5%) 97 (13.3%) 0.0001
 Beta-blockers 41 (10.7%) 29 (4.0%) 0.0001
 Calcium channel blockers 43 (11.2%) 26 (3.6%) 0.0001
 Other medication 98 (25.5%) 107 (14.6%) 0.0001
Current MINI mental disorders
 Generalized Anxiety Disorder 116 (30.2%) 153 (20.9%) 0.001
 Major Depressive Episode 97 (25.3%) 104 (14.2%) 0.0001
  1. Values are expressed as no. of subjects (%) or mean ± SD
  2. ACE angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor, MINI Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, SD standard deviation
  3. aAt least 30 min of physical exercise per day
  4. * p value were calculated using independent sample t-test or Pearson’s chi-squared test
  5. In bold p values <0.05