Skip to main content

Table 3 Demographic and clinical characteristics; n (%), mean [SD]; Kerper et al., Effects of an innovative psychotherapy program for surgical patients - Bridging Intervention in Anesthesiology: A randomized controlled trial. Anesthesiology 2015;123:148-59 [6]

From: Readiness to change and therapy outcomes of an innovative psychotherapy program for surgical patients: results from a randomized controlled trial

  BRIA sessions
n = 110
BWA only
n = 110
p
Age (Years) 44.83 [13.66] 41.80 [13.01] 0.094
Women 69 (62.7) 65 (59.1) 0.679
General psychological distress: BSI-GSI 0.86 [0.53] 0.86 [0.55] 0.986
Readiness to change: URICA sum score 6.55 [2.18] 6.24 [2.26] 0.306
Primary diagnosis of mental disorder
Emotional Disorders 91 (82.7) 87 (79.1)  
 Mood disorder 37 (33.6) 40 (36.4)  
 Anxiety disorder 31 (28.2) 26 (23.6)  
 Adjustment disorder 19 (17.3) 13 (11.8)  
 Somatoform disorder 1 (0.9) 4 (3.6)  
 Eating disorder 1 (0.9) 2 (1.8)  
 Personality disorder 1 (0.9) 2 (1.8)  
 Psychological factors associated with diseases classified elsewhere a) 1 (0.9) 0 (0.0)  
Substance use disorders 19 (17.3) 23 (20.9)  
 Tobacco use disorder 12 (10.9) 12 (10.9)  
 Alcohol use disorder 5 (4.5) 10 (9.1)  
 Illicit substance use disorder 1 (0.9) 0 (0.0)  
 Multiple substance use disorder 1 (0.9) 1 (0.9) 0.675 b)
Living together status
 Living with a partner, married 43 (39.1) 29 (26.4)  
 Living with a partner, not married 19 (17.3) 20 (18.2)  
 Not living with a partner 48 (43.6) 61 (55.5) 0.110
Employment status
 Employed 73 (66.4) 67 (60.9)  
 Unemployed 12 (10.9) 12 (10.9)  
 Pension / Invalidity pension 12 (10.9) 11 (10.0)  
 Undergoing education / training 6 (5.5) 12 (10.9)  
 Residual group c) 7 (6.4) 8 (7.3) 0.676
Physical health (ASA Classification)
 ASA I 29 (26.4) 28 (25.5)  
 ASA II 67 (60.9) 71 (64.5)  
 ASA III 14 (12.7) 11 (10.0)  
 ASA IV 0.811
Surgical field
 Neuro-, head and neck surgery 22 (20.0) 32 (29.1)  
 Abdomino-thoracic surgery 51 (46.4) 37 (33.6)  
 Peripheral surgery 37 (33.6) 41 (37.3) 0.117
Medical comorbidity (CCI)
 0 ‘None’ 74 (67.3) 76 (69.1)  
 1 ‘Low’ 19 (17.3) 19 (17.3)  
 2 ‘Moderate’ 5 (4.5) 9 (8.2)  
 3 ‘High’ 12 (10.9) 6 (5.5) 0.366
Extent of surgical procedure
(POSSUM operative severity item)
 1 ‘Minor’ 34 (30.9) 33 (30.0)  
 2 ‘Moderate’ 35 (31.8) 34 (30.9)  
 4 ‘Major’ 26 (23.6) 32 (29.1)  
 8 ‘Major +’ 15 (13.6) 11 (10.0) 0.735
 Hospital length of stay 5.78 [7.03] 5.77 [8.74] 0.993
  1. a)Psychological and behavioural factors associated with disorders or diseases classified elsewhere (ICD F54);b) p refers to the comparison of the 2 intervention groups regarding the distribution of all of the 11 psychiatric diagnoses that were made; c) Working at home, gap year, not specified. ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification: (I) Healthy patient; (II) mild systemic disease, no functional limitation; (III) severe systemic disease with definite functional limitation; (IV) severe systemic disease that is a constant threat to life; BSI-GSI = Brief Symptom Inventory, total score General Severity Index (range: 0-4); CCI Charlson Comorbidity Index, POSSUM Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and Morbidity; item operative severity; URICA sum score: University of Rhode Island Change Assessment composite score (range: −2 to 14)