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Table 5 Simple and multiple linear regression analysis of factors associated with dysfunctional coping among women with symptoms of postpartum depression, (n = 385)

From: Coping strategies of women with postpartum depression symptoms in rural Ethiopia: a cross-sectional community study

Characteristics Mean (SD) Crude β (95% CI) Adjusted β (95% CI)
Age   0.02 (− 0.09, 0.13) 0.07 (− 0.04, 0.19)
Residence
 Rural 22.4 (0.3) Ref Ref
 Urban 26.0 (1.3) 3.63 (1.03, 6.23) 4.13 (1.50, 6.76)
Educational Status
 No formal education 22.5 (0.3) Ref Ref
 Formal education 22.8 (0.7) 0.23 (−1.28, 1.75) 0.60 (− 1.02, 2.22)
Hunger
 No 22.9 (0.4) Ref Ref
 Yes 21.9 (0.5) −0.94 (−2.23, 0.35) −0.92 (−2.45,0.60)
Relative wealth
 Less 22.2 (5.9) Ref Ref
 Same 22.6 (5.8) 0.38 (−0.85,1.62) 0.28 (−1.17, 1.73)
 Better 25.6 (9.5) 3.34 (0.23, 6.45) 1.72 (−1.32, 4.77)
Social support
 Poor 22.1 (5.5) Ref Ref
 intermediate 22.4 (5.3) 0.30 (−1.15, 1.76) −0.15 (− 1.61, 1.30)
 Strong 23.4 (7.7) 1.25 (−0.44, 2.95) 0.11 (−1.63, 1.30)
Husband drinks too much alcohol
 No 22.2 (0.3) Ref Ref
 Yes 23.8 (0.7) 1.65 (0.24, 3.05) 1.23 (−0.14, 2.62)
Marital relationship
 Bad 24.6 (0.6) 2.54 (1.06, 4.02) 2.94 (1.44, 4.43)
 Good 22.0 (0.3) Ref Ref
PHQ score   0.09 (−0.10, 0.30) 0.11 (− 0.09, 0.31)
Perceived cause
 Psychosocial 22.6 (5.7) Ref Ref
 Physical 23.7 (7.3) 1.03 (−0.44, 2.51) 1.39 (−0.05,2.84)
 Supernatural 21.7 (5.0) −0.92 (−3.99, 2.13) − 0.56 (−3.61, 2.49)
 Unable to say 20.6 (5.0) −2.02 (−3.88, − 0.15) −1.97 (− 3.82, − 0.13)
Perceived severity
 Mild 23.4 (5.8) Ref Ref
 Moderate 22.2 (6.1) −1.25 (−2.90, 0.38) −0.66 (− 2.31, 0.99)
 Severe 22.5 (6.1) --0.86 (−2.50,0.77) 0.08 (−1.62, 1.78)
WHODAS Score   −0.32 (− 0.48, − 0.17) −0.36 (− 0.53, − 0.20)
  1. bold type signifies statistical significance at p < 0.05