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Table 2 Bivariate Analyses

From: Risk and protective factors associated with the mental health of young adults in Kabul, Afghanistan

Variables MCS Score Statistic and P-value ASCL Score Statistic and P-value
  M (SD)   M (SD)  
Age r = .070, p = .294 r = −.164, p < .05
Gender
 Female 42.32 (10.14) t(223) = −1.51, p = .133 50.64 (14.96) t(205) = 2.40, p < .05
 Male 44.29 (9.36) 45.34 (16.31)
Ethnicity
 Pashtun 44.06 (8.64) F(2,224) = 2.92, p = .056 46.23 (15.01) F(2,206) = 5.11, p < .01
 Tajik 41.44 (10.98) 52.01 (16.75)
 Othera 45.19 (8.64) 43.75 (15.04)
Marital Status
 Married 43.56 (9.41) t(216) = −.21, p = .831 45.25 (14.04) t(201) = 1.96, p = .05
 Not Marriedb 43.27 (10.11) 49.56 (17.03)
Education
 College and beyond 41.21 (10.24) t(225) = 2.90, p = .004 50.93 (17.28) t(207) = − 2.53, p < .05
 HS Diploma and lower 44.96 (9.11) 45.33 (14.63)
Employment
 Employed 45.28 (8.64) t(221) = −2.61, p = .010 45.01 (11.90) t(203) = 2.44, p < .05
 Unemployed 41.96 (10.33) 50.15 (18.17)
Income
 Stable 45.99 (9.29) t(219) = 3.03, p = .003 43.71 (13.21) t(203) = 3.03, p < .01
 Unstable 41.91 (9.85) 50.18 (17.09)
Hope-Optimism r = .319, p = .000 r = −.279, p < .000
CD-RISC-25: Resilience r = −.025, p = .732 r = −.040, p = .594
PCS Score: Physical Health Status r = .376, p = .000 r = −.421, p < .000
  1. aincludes Hazaras, Nuristanis, and Uzbeks; bincludes ‘never married’, and two participants widowed, and four participants divorced/separated