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Table 4 OLS Regression Analysis of Factors Associated with Psychological Distress Symptoms (ASCL scores)

From: Risk and protective factors associated with the mental health of young adults in Kabul, Afghanistan

  Step 1*** Step 2*** Step 3***
Variables B (SE) β B (SE) β B (SE) β
Age −.522 (.265) −.139 −.550 (.244) −.156* −.537 (.237) −.152*
Gender: femalea −2.857 (2.34) .138 −1.498 (2.17) −.046 −1.586 (2.11) −.049
Ethnicity: Tajikb 6.507 (2.27) .196** 5.008 (2.11) .150* 4.835 (2.05) .145*
Education: university degreec 5.199 (2.27) .147* 6.140 (2.10) .186** 5.616 (2.05) .170**
Employment: employedd −.911 (2.46) .024 −.649 (2.27) −.020 −.585 (2.21) −.018
Income: stablee −7.872 (2.28) −.236** −4.805 (2.17) −.143* −4.292 (2.12) −.128*
Physical Health Status    −.785 (.135) −.375*** −.723 (.133) −.346***
Hope-Optimism      −3.910 (1.15) −.208**
R 2 .167 .295 .337
Adjusted R2 .140 .268 .308
ΔR2   .128*** .042**
F statistic for change in R2   33.765 11.665
  1. N = 197 as 35 cases omitted by listwise deletion; Reference groups: amales, bPashtuns and other ethnicities; cHS Diploma, dUnemployed, eUnstable income; p < .10; *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001