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Table 2 Serum level of macro-minerals and trace elements in the study population

From: Alterations of serum macro-minerals and trace elements are associated with major depressive disorder: a case-control study

Elements (mg/L) Values (Mean ± SEM)
Patient group Control group Reference rangea p value*
Ca 94.91 ± 0.85 105.06 ± 1.05 90–110 p < 0.05
Mg 20.37 ± 0.28 21.85 ± 0.34 18–36 p < 0.05
Cu 1.39 ± 0.03 1.01 ± 0.02 0.6–1.4 p < 0.05
Fe 1.02 ± 0.02 1.30 ± 0.03 1.1–1.3 p < 0.05
Mn 1.00 ± 0. 01 1.17 ± 0.01 0.1–2.9 p < 0.05
Se 0.03 ± 0.002 0.07 ± 0.003 0.06–0.11 p < 0.05
Zn 0.92 ± 0.02 1.09 ± 0.02 0.6–1.2 p < 0.05
  1. *p < 0.05 (Significant difference between patient and control groups at 95% confidence interval)
  2. a Reference values are given in milligrams per liter unit from the handbook on metals in clinical and analytical chemistry [53, 54]