Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of all participants by HIV status (n = 191)b

From: Validation of the posttraumatic stress disorder checklist – 5 (PCL-5) in a primary care population with high HIV prevalence in Zimbabwe

Characteristic HIV positive (n = 91) HIV negative (n = 100) Logistic regressiona
  N % N % OR 95% CI p-value
Gender        0.02
 Male 19 20.9 9 9.0 1  
 Female 72 79.1 91 91.0 0.37 (0.16–0.88)  
Age group        < 0.001
  < 30 16 17.6 63 63.0 1  
 30–39 33 36.3 26 26.0 5 (2.36–10.60)  
 40+ 42 46.2 11 11.0 15.03 (6.35–35.57)  
Marital status        < 0.001
 Married 54 59.3 79 79.0 1  
 Single 14 15.4 17 17.0 1.2 (0.55–2.65)  
 Widowed 23 25.3 4 4.0 8.41 (2.75–25.70)  
Education        0.009
 Less than ‘O’ level 45 49.5 31 31.0 1  
 O′ level or more 43 50.6 69 69.0 0.46 (0.25–0.83)  
Current employment status        0.11
 Unemployed 46 50.5 62 62.0 1  
 Permanent FT or PT 8 8.8 3 3.0 3.59 (0.90–14.30)  
 Casual/self-employed 37 40.7 35 35.0 1.42 (0.78–2.59)  
Main income source        < 0.001
 Own business/salary 58 65.2 40 40.4 1  
 Partner/family 22 24.7 51 51.5 0.3 (0.16–0.57)  
 No income 9 10.1 8 8.1 0.78 (0.28–2.18)  
Suffer from chronic illness        < 0.001
 No 10 11.0 66 66.0 1  
 Yes 81 89.0 34 34.0 15.72 (7.23–34.18)  
Reason for clinic visit        < 0.001
 HIV-related 37 40.7 1 1.0 1   
 Routine/family/antenatal 34 37.4 54 54.0 0.02 (0.00–0.13)  
 Other reason 20 22.0 45 45.0 0.01 (0.00–0.09)  
Negative life events in last 6 months        0.21
 No 20 22.0 30 30.0 1  
 Yes 71 78.0 70 70.0 1.52 (0.79–2.93)  
SSQ ≥ 9        0.01
 No 46 50.6 68 68.7 1   
 Yes 45 49.5 31 31.3 2.15 (1.19–3.87)  
PCL ≥ 33        0.09
 No 49 53.8 66 66.0 1   
 Yes 42 46.2 34 34.0 1.66 (0.93–2.98)  
  1. aunivariate logistic regression for outcome HIV+
  2. bParticipants who did not know or reveal their HIV status excluded (n = 13)