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Table 3 Gender stratified Hazard Ratios (HR) of diagnosed depression in adolescence, by social position, n = 169,262

From: Social differences in diagnosed depression among adolescents in a Swedish population based cohort

Social factors Crude
HR (95% CI)
Adjusted for parents country of origin
HR (95% CI)
Adjusted for parents country of origin and education
HR (95% CI)
Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
Parental country of origin
 Sweden (ref.) 1.0 1.0     
 Nordic 0.9 (0.7–1.2) 1.2 (1.0–1.4)     
 Outside Nordic 0.7 (0.6–0.8) 0.6 (0.6–0.7)     
Parental education
 High (ref.) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0   
 Medium 1.1 (1.0–1.2) 1.2 (1.1–1.2) 1.2 (1.0–1.3) 1.2 (1.1–1.3)   
 Low 0.9 (0.8–1.1) 1.1 (1.0–1.2) 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.3 (1.2–1.5)   
Disposable household income
 High (ref.) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Medium high 1.3 (1.1–1.5) 1.1 (1.0–1.2) 1.4 (1.2–1.6) 1.1 (1.0–1.3) 1.4 (1.2–1.6) 1.1 (1.0–1.2)
 Medium 1.4 (1.2–1.7) 1.2 (1.1–1.3) 1.5 (1.3–1.8) 1.3 (1.1–1.4) 1.5 (1.3–1.8) 1.2 (1.1–1.3)
 Medium low 1.3 (1.1–1.5) 1.2 (1.1–1.3) 1.5 (1.2–1.7) 1.3 (1.2–1.5) 1.4 (1.2–1.6) 1.3 (1.1–1.4)
 Low 1.0 (0.9–1.2) 1.0 (0.9–1.1) 1.2 (1.0–1.4) 1.2 (1.0–1.3) 1.1 (0.9–1.3) 1.1 (1.0–1.2)
Parental receipt of an unemployment benefit
 Not received (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 Received 1.4 (1.2–1.7) 1.2 (1.1–1.4) 1.5 (1.3–1.8) 1.4 (1.2–1.6) 1.5 (1.2–1.8) 1.3 (1.2–1.5)
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