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Table 1 Characteristics of injuries before and after the index poisoning with medication, a gender comparison

From: Injuries prior and subsequent to index poisoning with medication among adolescents: a national study based on Norwegian patient registry

Characteristics Total
N = 1497
n (%)
Female
N = 1144
n (%)
Male
N = 353
n (%)
Female/Male
ORa (95% CI)
Any type of injury or poisoning (Yes)
 Before the index poisoning 431 (28.8) 312 (27.3) 119 (33.7) 0.7 (0.6–1.0)
 After the index poisoning 586 (39.1) 457 (39.9) 129 (36.5) NS*
Injuries to the head, neck, and throat (S00-S29) (Yes)
 Before the index poisoning 107 (7.2) 72 (6.3) 35 (10.0) 0.6 (0.4–0.9)
 After the index poisoning 119 (8.0) 82 (7.2) 37 (10.5) 0.7 (0.4–1.0)
Injuries to the abdomen, lower back, lumbar spine and pelvis (S30-S39) (Yes)
 Before the index poisoning 214 (14.3) 146 (12.8) 68 (19.3) 0.6 (0.5–0.8)
 After the index poisoning 224 (15.0) 172 (15.0) 52 (14.7) NS
Injuries to the shoulder, arm and elbow (S40-S59) (Yes)
 Before the index poisoning 105 (7.0) 83 (7.3) 22 (6.2) NS
 After the index poisoning 117 (7.8) 105 (9.2) 12 (3.4) 2.9 (1. 6–5.3)
Injuries to the wrist and hand (S60-S69) (Yes)
 Before the index poisoning 133 (10.2) 83 (7.3) 50 (14.2) 0.5 (0.3–0.7)
 After the index poisoning 139 (9.3) 97 (8.5) 42 (11.9) NS
Superficial and open wound injuries to the wrist and hand (S60-S61) (Yes)
 Before the index poisoning 63 (4.2) 38 (3.3) 25 (7.1) 0.5 (0.3–0.8)
 After the index poisoning 83 (5.5) 61 (5.3) 22 (6.2) NS
Injuries to the hip, leg, and foot (S70-S99) (Yes)
 Before the index poisoning 144 (9.6) 106 (9.3) 38 (10.8) NS
 After the index poisoning 146 (9.8) 111 (7.4) 35 (9.9) NS
Burns, corrosions, and frostbite (T20-T35) (Yes)
 Before the index poisoning 9 (0.6) 7 (0.6) 2 (0.6) NS
 After the index poisoning 10 (0.7) 9 (0.8) 1 (0.3) NS
Poisonings by non-medicational substances (T51-T65) (Yes)
 Before the index poisoning 73 (4.9) 60 (5.2) 13 (3.7) NS
 After the index poisoning 32 (2.1) 25 (2.2) 7 (2.0) NS
Poisoning by medications and biological substances (T40-T50) (Yes)
 After the index poisoning 317 (21.2) 274 (24.0) 43 (12.2) 2.3 (1.6–3.2)
Comorbid diagnosis of deliberate self-harm (X6n) (Yes)
 Before the index poisoning 22 (1.5) 18 (1.6) 4 (1.1) NS
 After the index poisoning 184 (12.3) 166 (14.5) 18 (5.1) 3.2 (1.9–5.2)
Comorbid diagnosis of psychiatric disorder (F) (Yes)
 Before the index poisoning 23 (1.5) 14 (1.2) 9 (2.6) NS
 After the index poisoning 189 (12.6) 162 (14.2) 27 (7.7) 2.0 (1.3–3.1)
  1. aThe analysis was conducted separately for each specific group of injuries; NS Not Significant