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Table 3 Variables’ instruments and sources

From: The effectiveness of Dutch Cell Dogs in correctional facilities in the Netherlands: a study protocol of a quasi-experimental trial

Outcome Variable name Instrument Time of assessment Variable type Source
Demographic variables Demographics File analysis Questionnaire T1 & T3 Moderator Files, detainee
Psychosocial functioning Self-esteem RSES T1, T2, T3, T4 Outcome Detainee
Self-control BSCS, APSD-SR Impulse Control subscale, Emo go/no go task T1, T2, T3, T4 Outcome Detainee
Self-reported stress levels PSS T1, T2, T3, T4 Outcome Detainee
Life satisfaction SWLS T1, T2, T3, T4 Outcome Detainee
Withdrawn behavior ASR withdrawn subscale T1, T2, T3, T4 Outcome Detainee
Attention ASR/YSR attention subscale, Emo go/no go task T1, T2, T3, T4 Outcome Detainee
Emotional functioning Empathy BES T1, T2, T3, T4 Outcome Detainee
Emo film clip T1 Moderator Detainee
Emotional processing Emo go/no go task T1, T2, T3, T4 Outcome Detainee
Physiological stress response ANS-functioning Heart rate variability T1, T2, T3, T4 Moderator & outcome Detainee
Stress Cortisol T1, T3, T4 Moderator & outcome Detainee
Therapeutic factors Therapeutic alliance PARA T1, T2, T3, T4 Outcome  
Treatment motivation ATMQ T1, T2, T3 Outcome Detainee
Responsivity to treatment IFTE T1, T3 Outcome Staff
Training factors Attachment relationship detainee - asylum dog PBS T2, T3 Outcome Detainee intervention group
Training appreciation Structured interviews T1, T2, T3, T4 Outcome Detainee intervention group
Behavioral problems Anxiety & depression ASR/YSR anxious/depressed subscale T1, T2, T3, T4 Outcome Detainee
Aggression ASR aggression subscale T1, T2, T3, T4 Outcome Detainee
Incidents File analysis T3 Outcome Files
Recidivism Official judicial data, & email survey T4 Outcome Researcher & detainee
Personality functioning Callous traits ICU callous-unemotional traits subscale T1, T3, T4 Moderator Detainee
Personality difficulties PID-5-BF-NL T1, T3, T4 Moderator & outcome Detainee
Response style Social Desirability SDS T1 Moderator Detainee