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Table 2 Characteristics of caregiver participants (N = 27) and care recipients

From: Experiences, attitudes, and perceptions of caregivers of individuals with treatment-resistant schizophrenia: a qualitative study

Characteristics Total (N = 27a)
Caregiver characteristics
 Caregiver’s age, mean (SD) 48 (11.2)
Caregiver’s sex, n (%)
 Male 6 (22)
 Female 21 (78)
Caregiver’s race/ethnicity, n (%)
 Caucasian 14 (52)
 African American 10 (37)
 Hispanic 1 (4)
 Asian 2 (7)
Caregiver’s relationship to patient, n (%)
 Sibling 8 (30)
 Parent 5 (19)
 Adult child 3 (11)
 Spouse/significant otherb 5 (19)
 Other family member 3 (11)
 Friend or other 3 (11)
Caregiver’s education level, n (%)
 Some college 8 (30)
 College degree 16 (59)
 Postgraduate 3 (11)
Caregiver’s employment status, n (%)
 Full time 17 (63)
 Part time 4 (15)
 Retired 1 (4)
 Unemployed 4 (15)
 Student 1 (4)
Care recipients’ characteristicsc
 Patient age, mean (SD) 46.9 (18.6)
Patient gender, n (%)
 Male 16 (59)
 Female 11 (41)
Years since schizophrenia diagnosis, mean (SD) 18.4 (14.1)
Years since schizophrenia diagnosis, n (%)
  < 5 years 5 (19)
 5–10 years 6 (22)
 11–15 years 4 (15)
  ≥ 16 years 12 (44)
Patients’ living situation, n (%)
 With caregiver 14 (52)
 With family 7 (26)
 Alone 4 (15)
 Other 2 (7)
Patient education level, n (%)
 Less than or equal to high school 15 (56)
 Some college 6 (22)
 College degree 6 (22)
Patient employment status, n (%)
 Full time 2 (7)
 Part time 5 (19)
 Unemployed 17 (63)
 Retired 3 (11)
Comorbid psychiatric disorders,d n (%)
 Depression 7 (26)
 Anxiety 7 (26)
 Bipolar 7 (26)
 Major mood disorder 1 (4)
 Major depressive disorder 3 (11)
 Other schizophrenia-related disorderse 4 (15)
Patients’ comorbid somatic conditions,f n (%)
 High blood pressure 7 (26)
 Overweight 8 (30)
 Diabetes 5 (19)
Current AP treatment
 AP monotherapy 20 (74%)
  Atypical AP 15 (56)
  Typical AP 5 (19)
 AP combination therapy 7 (26%)
  2 atypical APs 3 (11)
  2 atypical APs and 1 typical AP 2 (7)
  1 atypical AP and 1 typical AP 1 (4)
  3 typical APs 1 (4)
  1. AP antipsychotic medication, SD standard deviation
  2. aOne caregiver provided care for an individual whom the participant reported as having been stable for 1 year on current treatment
  3. bIncludes the live-in caretaker (former wife) of an individual with treatment-related schizophrenia
  4. cAs reported by caregivers
  5. dAll diagnosed before schizophrenia diagnosis. Some patients had more than one psychiatric disorder
  6. eRelated disorders include schizoaffective or schizophreniform disorders, schizotypal personality disorder, and brief psychotic disorder
  7. fSome patients had more than one comorbid condition