|Units of meaningful change||Cycle of change ||Engagement ||Recovery ||Hierarchy of needs ||Spiritual and cultural integration|
|4: not ready to move down a level of security||Pre-contemplation.||Reluctance/ resistance||Moratorium||Physiological needs||Alienated|
|3: ready for a move e.g. from high to medium security||Contemplation & preparation, ambivalence||Passive engagement||Awareness, finding hope||Safety and basics of life||Can engage only in ‘trading’ interactions on an impersonal or binary basis.|
|2: ready for a move e.g. from medium to low security||Action / decisional balance||Active engagement||Preparation, search for personal resources and external help, taking responsibility||Friendship and family relationships||Accepts and commits to communal and social customs and affiliations.|
|1: ready for a move to supported community living e.g. conditional discharge or community treatment order||Maintenance, supported||Positive engagement||Rebuilding, taking positive steps, establishing a positive identity||Self-esteem, confidence, social standing||Accepts and commits to communal and social concepts of value and virtue.|
|0: ready for independence||Maintenance, stability||Taking personal responsibility||Growth / sense of control / looking forward, finding meaning and purpose in life||
Expresses self in creative and communicative ways.
Fulfils roles and shares own resources (time, effort) for communal good