Degree and pervasiveness of disturbances in functioning of aspects of the self:|
● Stability and coherence of one’s sense of identity (e.g., extent to which identity or sense of self is variable and inconsistent or overly rigid and fixed).
● Ability to maintain an overall positive and stable sense of self-worth.
● Accuracy of one’s view of one’s characteristics, strengths, limitations.
● Capacity for self-direction (ability to plan, choose, and implement appropriate goals).
Degree and pervasiveness of interpersonal dysfunction across various contexts and relationships (e.g., romantic relationships, school/work, parent-child, family, friendships, peer contexts):|
● Interest in engaging in relationships with others.
● Ability to understand and appreciate others’ perspectives.
● Ability to develop and maintain close and mutually satisfying relationships.
● Ability to manage conflict in relationships.
Pervasiveness, severity, and chronicity of emotional, cognitive, and behavioral manifestations of the personality dysfunction:|
○ Range and appropriateness of emotional experience and expression.
○ Tendency to be emotionally over- or underreactive.
○ Ability to recognize and acknowledge unwanted emotions (e.g., anger, sadness).
○ Accuracy of situational and interpersonal appraisals, especially under stress.
○ Ability to make appropriate decisions in situations of uncertainty.
○ Appropriate stability and flexibility of belief systems.
○ Flexibility in controlling impulses and modulating behaviour based on the situation and consideration of the consequences.
○ Appropriateness of behavioural responses to intense emotions and stressful circumstances (e.g., propensity to self-harm or violence).
|The extent to which the dysfunctions in the above areas are associated with distress or impairment in personal, family, social, educational, occupational or other important areas of functioning.|